A feasibility study investigating the impact of a dietitian-led low in fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyols diet group education programme with irritable bowel syndrome.

A feasibility study investigating the impact of a dietitian-led low in fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyols diet group education programme with irritable bowel syndrome. N Z Med J. 2020 Sep 25;133(1522):42-51 Authors: Chan D, Skidmore P, O'Brien L, Watson S, Gearry R Abstract AIMS: To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of dietitian-led education on using the low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyols (FODMAP) diet in adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Christchurch, New Zealand. METHODS: Patients with IBS (n=25) were referred by their general practitioner to attend a group education programme. The number recruited and subsequent attendance were used to evaluate feasibility. The Structured Assessment of Gastrointestinal Symptoms (SAGIS) questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were compared at baseline and at follow-up. Semi-structured telephone interviews assessed the acceptability of the education programme. RESULTS: Of the 25 recruited participants, 17 attended the group education programme. The SAGIS score decreased significantly (p
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research

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Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Conclusions: More effort is needed to identify what fetal and maternal factors are associated with low birth weight and IBS. A well-executed prospective birth cohort with a collection of bio-samples and functional data will provide a better understanding of how adversity and the interplay between genetics, epigenetics, and numerous risk factors affect the development of IBS. PMID: 32989183 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Neurogastroenterol Motil Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether women who have symptoms of IBS in addition to PD and PMS also report more severe or frequent menstruation-associated symptoms and psychological complications compared to women with PD and PMS alone.MethodsThe study group included 182 female University students aged 18 –25 years. IBS was diagnosed using the Rome III criteria. The severity of PMS and PD was determined using a 10-point visual analog scale and PSST (Premenstrual Syndrome Screening Tool), respectively. Neuropsychological functions including cognitive function, depression score, anxiety score, stres s, insomnia,...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Much has been written about the placebo effects in functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGD), especially in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), driven by the early hypothesis that in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of IBS, the placebo effect might be specifically high and thus, corrupts the efficacy of novel drugs developed for this condition. This narrative review is based on a specific search method, a database (www.jips.online) developed since 2004 containing more than 4,500 papers (data papers, meta-analyses, systematic reviews, reviews) pertinent to the topic placebo effects/placebo response. Three central questions...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Purpose of review This review summarizes recent progress in the diagnosis and management of irritable bowel syndrome, with a focus on dietary and microbiota aspects. Recent findings From a pathophysiological point of view, IBS is a multifactorial condition with both peripheral (transit) as central (visceral hypersensitivity, anxiety, depression) contribution in a cumulative fashion to the symptom pattern and severity. More recently, the focus has shifted to diet and microbiota. The number of dietary options that can be used for IBS and the understanding of determinants of their efficacy is rapidly increasing. Several ...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: PSYCHIATRY, MEDICINE AND THE BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES: Edited by Mohan Isaac and Igor Filipcic Source Type: research
Authors: Koloski N, Holtmann G, Talley N Abstract INTRODUCTION: Psychological distress is associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD) but only evidence from prospective longitudinal and treatment studies can indicate whether the link between FGIDs and psychological distress is causal. Emerging evidence suggests underlying biological mechanisms may explain the association of psychological distress with FGIDs. AREAS COVERED: This review critically evaluates whether anxiety and/or depression and FGIDs are causally related incl...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Neurogastroenterol Motil Source Type: research
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Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Assessment Chronic pain Professional topics Research malingering secondary gain stigma Source Type: blogs
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Source: BMC Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionsAnti-IBS syrup significantly reduced the severity of IBS symptoms compared to placebo. However, there was a need for further investigation regarding the anxiety and depression scores. (Registration No. IRCT2017061034446N1).
Source: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
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