Treatment of trivial esophageal cancer having huge devastating airway obstruction via use of a modified emergent tracheostomy under local anaesthesia.

CONCLUSIONS: We implemented this simple method in order to secure the devastated airway, sparing the need for a demanding rigid bronchoscopy, or use of a costly ECMO expedient. PMID: 32988709 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Asian J Surg Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Apatinib was effective as second- or further-line treatment for advanced esophageal cancer. PMID: 32342599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
428Objectives: To clarify the safety and efficacy of radioactive Iodine-125 seeds implantation (RISI) in the treatment of thoracic malignant tumors, and to explore the relationship between different doses of RISI and efficacy and side effects. Materials and Methods: Inclusion criteria: (1) Primary or metastatic tumors of the chest with definite pathological diagnosis; (2) unable or unsuitable for surgery or radiotherapy; (3) tumor diameter 70 score. All patients underwent preoperative planning design, 3D printing template design and printing, CT-guided seeds implantation assisted by template and post-operative dosimetric v...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Other Solid Tumors/ Hematologic Malignancies (Clinical) I Source Type: research
ConclusionIvor –Lewis esophagectomy for patients with a history of TPL is a safe procedure, which can prevent severe complications including anastomotic leakage or tracheal necrosis.
Source: Esophagus - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Santosh K. Ghosh1*, Thomas S. McCormick1,2 and Aaron Weinberg1* 1Biological Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States 2Dermatology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States Human beta-defensins (hBDs, −1, 2, 3) are a family of epithelial cell derived antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that protect mucosal membranes from microbial challenges. In addition to their antimicrobial activities, they possess other functions; e.g., cell activation, proliferation, regulation of cytokine/chemokine production, migration, diffe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe mesoesophagus in the upper mediastinum is an anatomical unit surrounded by fibrous connective tissue containing the esophagus, trachea, tracheoesophageal vessels, lymphatic tissue, and RLNs. Thus, mesenteric excision of esophagus is defined to resect this area by sparing trachea and RLNs for rational anatomical lymphadenectomy. We believe that this concept makes upper mediastinal lymphadenectomy safer and more appropriate.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsDCF-R treatment for advanced cervical esophageal cancer could be completed by the careful administration; although a strong blood toxicity might occur, this treatment may provide the chance to obtain favorable prognosis with larynx preservation.
Source: Esophagus - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe vascular ring at the cervicothoracic junction in a patient with RAA made it difficult to dissect the RLN lymph nodes during oncologic esophagectomy. The cervicothoracoscopic approach enables the complete dissection of these lymph nodes and is a useful esophagectomy technique for patients with RAA.
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Double stenting is an effective procedure improving patients' quality of life. However, life-threatening complications can occur. PMID: 27829946 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne Source Type: research
Conclusion CEC remains unchartered territory for many practising physicians and patients with CEC have a poor prognosis. To improve the outcome for CEC patients, future studies should focus on the identification of new diagnostic biomarkers or targets for radiosensitizers, amelioration of radiation schedules, optimal combination of chemotherapeutic agents and/or new therapeutic targets.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: reviews Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe Pincers maneuver for lymphadenectomy along the right RLN during TEP is technically safe and feasible. It increases the number of dissected LNs along the right RLN.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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