Association of trimethylamine N-Oxide with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in hemodialysis patients.

Association of trimethylamine N-Oxide with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in hemodialysis patients. Ren Fail. 2020 Nov;42(1):1004-1014 Authors: Zhang P, Zou JZ, Chen J, Tan X, Xiang FF, Shen B, Hu JC, Wang JL, Wang YQ, Yu JB, Nie YX, Chen XH, Yu JW, Zhang Z, Lv WL, Xie YQ, Cao XS, Ding XQ Abstract BACKGROUND: Trimethylamine-N-Oxide (TMAO) is a proatherogenic and prothrombotic metabolite. Our study examined the association of plasma TMAO level with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Patients who were at least 18 years-old and received HD for at least 6 months were enrolled within 6 months. Patients with coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, arrhythmia, or stroke within 3 months before study onset were excluded. The primary endpoints were cardiovascular and all-cause death, and the secondary endpoint was cerebrovascular death. RESULTS: We recruited 252 patients and divided them into a high-TMAO group (>4.73 μg/mL) and a low-TMAO group (≤4.73 μg/mL). The median follow-up time was 73.4 months (interquartile range: 42.9, 108). A total of 123 patients died, 39 from cardiovascular disease, 19 from cerebrovascular disease, and 65 from other causes. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that the high-TMAO group had a greater incidence of cardiovascular death (Log-Rank: p = 0.006) and all-cause death (Log-Rank: p 
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research

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