Safety of thrombolytic therapy in patients with prosthetic heart valve thrombosis who have high international normalized ratio levels

ConclusionsWe concluded that there was no significant difference between PVT patients presenting with subtherapeutic and high INR levels who received thrombolytic treatments regarding both minor and major bleeding complications as well as response to thrombolysis.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): N.G. Shah, B.C. Wible, J.A. Paulisi, M. Zaki, P. Lamparello, A. Sista, M. Sadek, G.R. Jacobowitz, T.S. Maldonado
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Zhao N, Xiang Q, Liu Z, Zhao X, Cui Y Abstract INTRODUCTION: There remains an unmet need for better anticoagulants. The phase I clinical trial is of great significance in the development of anticoagulants, and the design is special. This system review aims to provide insights for the design of future phase I clinical trials of anticoagulants. AREAS COVERED: We searched the database PubMed and ClinicalTrail.gov website, to collate the phase I clinical trial of anticoagulants in healthy people. The study protocol, inclusion exclusion criteria, safety and pharmacodynamic indexes were reviewed. EXPERT ...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Erin L. Meier, Shannon M. Sheppard, Emily B. Goldberg, Catherine R. Head, Delaney M. Ubellacker, Alexandra Walker, Argye E. Hillis
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): J.P. Martínez-Barbero, P. Tomás-Muñoz, R. Martínez-Moreno
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Mantero V, Rigamonti A, Basilico P, Sangalli D, Scaccabarozzi C, Salmaggi A PMID: 33029982 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesTo assess whether high doses of Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) (i.e. Enoxaparin 70 IU/kg twice daily) compared to standard prophylactic dose (i.e., Enoxaparin 4000 IU once day), in hospitalized patients with COVID19 not requiring Invasive Mechanical Ventilation [IMV], are:more effective in preventing clinical worsening, defined as the occurrence of at least one of the following events, whichever comes first:DeathAcute Myocardial Infarction [AMI]Objectively confirmed, symptomatic arterial or venous thromboembolism [TE]Need of either:Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (Cpap) or Non-Invasive Ventilatio...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Background: Traditional prothrombin time (PT) based international normalized ratio (INR) is often highly variable. Often this is caused by rapid factor VII reductions due to its short (4 hour) half-life. Thus, factor VII variation is an important confounder during vitamin K antagonist (VKA) dosing. Furthermore, prior studies have demonstrated that factor VII reductions only minimally influence the antithrombotic effect and bleeding risk of VKA, the clinical effect depending mainly on controlled reduction of factors II and X. Therefore, ignoring the influence of FVII during VKA monitoring has the potential to simplify manag...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy: Poster I Source Type: research
DiscussionWarfarin and similar VKAs are standard therapy for patients with an MHV. Even with the appropriate use of therapy, the incidence of thromboembolic events is high at 1 –4% per year. Furthermore, bleeding risk is significant, ranging from 2 to 9% per year. The new frontier to be overcome in relation to use of the new oral anticoagulants is undoubtedly in patients with MHV. A significant portion of people with MHV worldwide will benefit if noninferiority of these new agents is confirmed.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov identifier:NCT03566303. Recruitment Status: Recruiting. First Posted: 25 June 2018. Last...
Source: Drugs in R&D - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
While oral anticoagulation is universally recommended among patients with mechanical heart valves (MHVs) [1], there is limited evidence to guide clinicians in managing patients who suffer intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), a feared complication of anticoagulant treatment estimated to occur at 2-3% per patient-year [2]. In particular, the timing of oral anticoagulant (OAC) re-initiation following stabilization of hemorrhage is challenged by the intricate need to balance the risks of valve thrombosis and ischemic stroke with those of recurrent bleeding.
Source: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Source Type: research
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