Pituitary dysfunction after traumatic brain injury: prevalence and screening strategies - Ntali G, Tsagarakis S.

INTRODUCTION: Pituitary gland is vulnerable to traumatic brain injury (TBI). As a result a series of neuroendocrine changes appear after head injury; in many occasions they reverse with time, while occasionally new late onset changes may develop. AREAS...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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INTRODUCTION: Traumatic head injury is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide. The clinical and pathological features of head injury are not only helpful for its diagnosis and treatment, but also can help analyze the wounding mecha...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: In high-income countries (HICs), the intensive care unit (ICU) bed density is approximately 20-32 beds/100 000 population compared with countries in sub-Saharan Africa, like Malawi, with an ICU bed density of 0.1 beds/100 000 population. We h...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
OBJECTIVES: In the present study the relationship between illness coping and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients after closed head injury (CHI) was analyzed. Furthermore, the study was performed to assess the relative significance of clinica...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Conclusions: Findings from our study indicate the application of both subjective and objective examinations in the evaluation of patients with olfactory impairment. In the diagnosis of post-traumatic anosmia or hyposmia, objective examinations are particularly useful when the patients' level of cognition may be impaired or when subjects may be exaggerating their olfactory defects for a secondary gain. The diagnosis of damage to the olfactory system, specifically in the receptive part of the olfactory pathway, can be established in patients who showed reduced amplitudes or absent cortical responses in addition to absent odo...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUNDS: Older age is a risk factor for intracranial injury after head trauma, and computed tomography (CT) is generally recommended. We aimed to develop a clinical prediction rule for risk stratification to avoid CT head imaging in older adult patients with minor head injury, named Computed Tomography of the Head for the patients at Advanced age (CTHEAD). METHODS: This was a single center observational study in Japan that used retrospective chart review data to service a prediction rule that was prospectively validated. Patients aged ≥65 years who presented to our emergency department with a ...
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
In 2016, World Rugby completed a large-scale study determining the risk factors for head injury in elite rugby. The findings (figure 1) presented a challenge to the game as the traditional safety measures targeted protection of the ball carrier, but this r...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: DRTT and CPCT analysis using DTT would be useful for diagnosing abnormal movement problems, including tremor and ataxia, in patients following mild TBI. PMID: 32735460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
PURPOSE: We sought to develop a simple, effective and accurate assessment tool using well-known prognostic parameters to predict mortality and morbidity in severely injured patients with major fractures at the stage of the trauma bay. METHODS: European...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Introduction: Trauma activation requires mobilization of significant resources to be available at short notice. In 2014, the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma issued its latest recommendations for care of the injured patient. Amongst trauma ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: We describe a simple and effective "central levator tuck" technique for traumatic eyelid laceration repair with optimal functional and cosmetic outcome while reducing the development of blepharoptosis in four patients. PMID: 32698616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Eur J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
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