Inflammation and infarction of adipose tissue: implications in bariatric surgery.

We report two cases of young women with diabetes who underwent bariatric surgery and had complications resulting from extensive inflammation and necrosis of adipose tissue. The first patient was diagnosed with omental infarction, which is a type of fat necrosis that is rarely associated with obesity and bariatric surgery. The second patient had an intraoperative finding of mesenteric panniculitis, which resulted in an intra-operative change in the choice of bariatric surgery to do a sleeve gastrectomy instead of a gastric bypass. Surgeons who perform surgery on bariatric patients must be aware of complications related to excessive amount of adipose tissue. PMID: 32969263 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundWhile laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) continues to be the most commonly performed bariatric operation, several variables influence surgeons ’ practice patterns and patients’ decision-making in the type of bariatric procedure to perform. The aim of this study was to evaluate patient factors that influence the decision between laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) versus LSG.MethodsThe Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) database was queried for patients undergoing LSG and LRYGB between 2015 and 2017. Univariate analysis and multi...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewKnowledge regarding postoperative outcomes after bariatric and metabolic surgery continues to evolve. This review highlights key findings in outcomes research over the last 5  years related to weight loss, remission of obesity-related disease, reflux, revisional surgery, robotic-assisted surgical platforms, and adolescent populations.Recent FindingsSleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) produce similar weight loss patterns at 5  years, while duodenal switch (BPD/DS) and related procedures are associated with maximal weight loss overall and optimal resolution of obesit...
Source: Current Obesity Reports - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Obesity is a well-known risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). The efficacy of bariatric surgery in reducing weight with resulting improvement in T2D has been reliably demonstrated.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: RYGB is effective as a conversion procedure after a previous restrictive surgery, obtaining a significant reduction in weight and BMI. It has an acceptable morbidity rate and is more effective after an AGB.Obes Facts 2020;13:367 –374
Source: Obesity Facts - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Objective: We sought to compare the short and long-term outcomes of MBS in adolescents vs. adults who have undergone a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or Sleeve gastrectomy (SG).Design: Retrospective cohort study.Setting: Single tertiary care academic referral center.Participants: One hundred fifty adolescent (≤ 21-years) and adult (>21-years) subjects with severe obesity between 15 and 70 years of age who underwent RYGB or SG.Outcomes: Metabolic parameters, weight and height measures were obtained pre-and post-surgery (at 3 and 6 months, and then annually for 4 years).Results: Median pre-surgical body mass index (BM...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMild-to-moderate PPHG is a frequent complication after bariatric surgery and results in smaller weight loss after 2  years. Age, baseline BMI, and an earlier glucose peak during OGTT predict PPHG after bariatric surgery.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study reports similar T2DM resolution rates by both LRYGB and LSG during 1-5 years of follow-up. However, long-term follow-up of 10 years is needed to further substantiate these findings. PMID: 32148383 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Koch TR, Shope TR Abstract Obesity is a major factor in the worldwide rise in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The obesity "epidemic" will require novel, effective interventions to permit both the prevention and treatment of diabetes caused by obesity. Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy is a newer bariatric surgical procedure with a lower risk of complications (compared to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery). Based in part on restriction of daily caloric intake, sleeve gastrectomy has a major role in inducing significant weight loss and weight loss is maintained for at least 10&nbs...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
ConclusionsBoth LRYGB and LSG have comparative effect on resolving T2DM in nonseverely obese patients at midterm follow-up. Further RCTs should address the potential risks and long-term effects of LRYGB and LSG in nonseverely obese patients.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion: There are significant weight loss and improvement of glycaemic control at 12 months post-laparoscopic bariatric surgery among super-obese Malaysians.
Source: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
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