Risk of Zika virus-associated birth defects in congenital confirmed cases in the Brazilian Amazon.

Conclusions: Results showed a low incidence of ZIKV-associated birth defects, stillbirth, and miscarriage, which contrasts with previous studies in other Brazilian regions. Previous exposure to yellow fever vaccine and/or multiserotype DENV infection could be implicated in the protection from ZIKV congenital infection. PMID: 32952536 [PubMed]
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research

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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Jinsoo Lee, Seong-Jin Choi, Ji-Seong Jeong, Sang Yun Kim, Sang-Hyub Lee, Mi Jin Yang, Seung-Jin Lee, Young-Jun Shin, Kyuhong Lee, Eun Ju Jeong, Sang-Yoon Nam, Wook-Joon Yu
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: This review results revealed a low utilization of postnatal care service. Antenatal care service utilization has a positive effect on postnatal care service utilization. Policymakers and programmers better considered more antenatal care service use as one strategy of enhancing the utilization of postnatal care service. PMID: 33029402 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Authors: Debelew GT Abstract Despite several efforts globally, the problem of perinatal mortality remained an unsolved agenda. As a result, it continued to be an essential part of the third sustainable development goals to end preventable child deaths by 2030. With a rate of 33 per 1000 births, Ethiopia has the highest level of perinatal mortality in the world. Thus, determining the magnitude and identifying the determinants are very crucial for evidence-based interventions. A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Southwest Ethiopia among 3474 pregnant women to estimate the magnitude of perinatal mort...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
This study was aimed at assessing the magnitude of induced abortion and associated factors among students in Hawassa University, southern region, Ethiopia, 2019. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 422 students selected on the bases of a probability simple random sampling method. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Analysis was made with SPSS 20. Descriptive summary and inferential statistics (binary logistic regression) were used with a 95% CI and P value of less than 5% as a level of significance. Findings were presented in tables, figure, an...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Conclusions: (1) Data at our center suggests at least a regional implementation gap in GBS screening and IAP. (2) The decline in the resistance rate ofE. coli for all antimicrobial substances might indicate that the reduction of prenatal antibiotics use is beneficial and that neonatal antibiotic stewardship programs should include pregnant women as well.What is Known:• GBS screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis led to a 32%-reduction in GBS disease in Germany with a 0.75 (92:122) ratio of early-onset disease to late-onset disease in 2009–2010.• Prenatal antibiotic use might increase the risk of E....
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
In this study, we explored its health effects on the female offspring of mice that had been exposed during pregnancy. We found that exposure of pregnant mice to nitenpyram resulted in decreased levels of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, and glucose in female offspring, and additional research uncovered gut microbiota disturbances, accompanied by abnormal fecal metabolic profiles. Based on Pearson correlation analysis, we found that decreased abundance of Lactobacillus may play the most critical role, and changes in gut bacterial purine metabolism, BCAAs metabolism, and the TCA cycle are all closely related to the ab...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
[New Zimbabwe] ATLEAST 415 school going girls dropped out of exam classes in Manicaland province during the Covid-19 lockdown period mainly due to marriage and pregnancy.
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Ícaro Boszczowski, Francisco Chiaravalloti Neto, Marta Blangiardo, Oswaldo Santos Baquero, Geraldine Madalosso, Denise Brandão de Assis, Thais Olitta, Anna S. Levin
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions and Relevance: Mosquito-borne disease should be considered in pregnant women who present with a febrile illness and a relevant exposure history. Prompt recognition can allow supportive treatment to the mother and fetal resuscitation and surveillance. Target Audience: Obstetricians and gynecologists, family physicians. Learning Objectives: After completing this activity, the learner should be better able to describe the presentation, symptoms, and diagnosis of mosquito-borne diseases including malaria, chikungunya, dengue, yellow fever, West Nile virus, Zika, and filariasis; describe the risks of mosquito-born...
Source: Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey - Category: OBGYN Tags: CME Articles Source Type: research
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