European guidelines from the EHTG and ESCP for Lynch syndrome: an updated third edition of the Mallorca guidelines based on gene and gender.

CONCLUSION: The recommendations from the EHTG and ESCP for identification of patients with Lynch syndrome, colorectal surveillance, surgical management of colorectal cancer, lifestyle and chemoprevention in Lynch syndrome that reached a consensus (at least 80 per cent) are presented. PMID: 32956497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Br J Surg Source Type: research

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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Yanhua Liu, Yang Li, Shanshan Dong, Lu Han, Ruixin Guo, Yourong Fu, Shenghu Zhang, Jianqiu Chen
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2021Source: Urology Case Reports, Volume 34Author(s): Nina Al-Saadi, Safa Al-Musawi, Yousuf Khan, Daben Dawam
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
MONDAY, June 15, 2020 -- For patients with Lynch syndrome, aspirin is associated with a reduced risk for colorectal cancer during long-term follow-up, according to a study published in the June 13 issue of The Lancet. John Burn, M.D., from...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Publication date: 13–19 June 2020Source: The Lancet, Volume 395, Issue 10240Author(s): John Burn, Harsh Sheth, Faye Elliott, Lynn Reed, Finlay Macrae, Jukka-Pekka Mecklin, Gabriela Möslein, Fiona E McRonald, Lucio Bertario, D Gareth Evans, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Judy W C Ho, Annika Lindblom, Patrick J Morrison, Jem Rashbass, Raj Ramesar, Toni Seppälä, Huw J W Thomas, Kirsi Pylvänäinen, Gillian M Borthwick
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: The CRC stage and interval since last colonoscopy were not correlated, which is in conflict with the accelerated adenoma-carcinoma paradigm. We have previously reported that more frequent colonoscopy is not associated with lower incidence of CRC in path_MMR carriers as was expected. In contrast, point estimates showed a higher incidence with shorter intervals between examinations, a situation that may parallel to over-diagnosis in breast cancer screening. Our findings raise the possibility that some CRCs in path_MMR carriers may spontaneously disappear: the host immune response may not only remove CRC precurso...
Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Hered Cancer Clin Pract Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
In this study, we tested 17 short (7-12bp) mononucleotide markers (previously identified by our team via an in silico analyses of whole genome sequencing data). These 17 markers were able to discriminate between MSI-high (MSI-H) and microsatellite stable (MSS) cases. To define the optimal parameters to discriminate between MSI-H and MSS samples, we tested these 17 markers across a panel of 141 CRC samples. This allowed us to define a scoring scheme for the 17 markers using allelic imbalance based on a linked SNP (called weighted scoring scheme), which achieved 96% sensitivity and 100% specificity. This scoring scheme was t...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Improving Cancer Risk Prediction for Prevention and Early Detection: Poster Presentations - Proffered Abstracts Source Type: research
Chemoprevention offers an attractive option to prevent the occurrence of cancer in high risk cancer syndromes, such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Lynch syndrome. However, data, especially from clinical trials, is sparse. This presentation will review the state of art concepts of chemoprevention in regards to these hereditary GI cancer syndromes.Lynch Syndrome: In the randomized CAPP2 trial, 861 participants with Lynch syndrome took either daily aspirin (600 mg) or placebo for up to 4 years; the primary endpoint was the development of CRC (1). After a mean follow-up of 55.7 months, participants taking daily as...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Prevention Source Type: research
Conclusion Obesity is associated with substantially increased CRC risk in patients with LS, but this risk is abrogated in those taking aspirin. Such patients are likely to benefit from obesity prevention and/or regular aspirin.
Source: Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Gastrointestinal Cancer Source Type: research
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