Visceral leishmaniasis in Saudi Arabia: from hundreds of cases to zero.
Visceral leishmaniasis in Saudi Arabia: from hundreds of cases to zero. Acta Trop. 2020 Sep 17;:105707 Authors: Abuzaid AA, Aldahan MA, Helal MAA, Asiri AM, Alzahrani MH Abstract The kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has succeeded in bringing the reported numbers of Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) cases from hundreds during the 1980s and 1990s to zero case in 2019. The endemicity of VL has been confined mainly to the Southwest regions, namely Jazan and Aseer regions. Leishmania donovani species have been identified as the causative species of VL, while L. infantum have been isolated only from dogs in the endemic areas. Many species of sand flies were caught in Southwest, but P. orientalis is the probable transmitter of the disease. The black rat (Rattus ratus) was found to be contributing to maintenance of the parasite life cycle. VL is primarily a disease of children, and 80% of cases were Saudi's, while cases from Yeminis nationality represent the majority of non- Saudi patients. The common clinical presentation consist of chronic fever, abdominal distention, weight loss, anemia and hepatosplenomegaly. Laboratory findings include: anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, hypoalbuminemia, hyperproteinaemia and hypergammaglobulinemia, low serum iron, and abnormal liver enzymes. Occurrence of jaundice has been identified as a bad prognostic sign. Diagnosis relying on direct smears from bone marrow aspirates was the commonest tool used, and also is advocated by the N...
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Xiang Chen, Yihan Dai, Jin Fan, Xiaoyun Xu, Xinde Cao
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Anthony Beauvois, Delphine Vantelon, Jacques Jestin, Martine Bouhnik-Le Coz, Charlotte Catrouillet, Valérie Briois, Thomas Bizien, Mélanie Davranche
Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Authors: Zhang W, Xu JZ, Lu XH, Li H, Wang D, Wang JG Abstract PURPOSE: We hypothesise that dietary sodium intake interacts with serum uric acid to influence blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents. In the present study, we investigated ambulatory BP in relation to hyperuricaemia, dietary sodium intake and their interaction in children and adolescents with hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 616 study participants were 10-24 years old and had primary hypertension diagnosed after admission in a specialised inpatient ward. Ambulatory BP monitoring was performed during hospitalisat...
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Genetics and GenomicsAuthor(s): Chengqi Wang, Justin Gibbons, Swamy R. Adapa, Jenna Oberstaller, Xiangyun Liao, Min Zhang, John H. Adams, Rays H.Y. Jiang
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Mutation Research/Reviews in Mutation ResearchAuthor(s): Klaudia Kulczynska-Figurny, James J. Bieker, Miroslawa Siatecka
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Mahmoud A. Shahin
CONCLUSION: The proposed PHARMAC criteria will give access to these important drugs to those people with T2DM who will likely benefit the most. PMID: 33032305 [PubMed - in process]
Abstract A facile freeze-drying assisted biotemplated route is developed to synthesize Na3V2(PO4)3 embedded in a N-doped three-dimensional mesoporous carbon framework, which has a superior initial discharge capacity and stability for Na-ion batteries. PMID: 33033823 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Paramagnetic rims might be a characteristic MRI finding for MS, and therefore they have potential as an imaging marker for differentially diagnosing MS from NMOSD using 3-T MRI. PMID: 33029961 [PubMed]
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