Long-term outcome in patients with Fanconi anemia who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a retrospective nationwide analysis.

Long-term outcome in patients with Fanconi anemia who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a retrospective nationwide analysis. Int J Hematol. 2020 Sep 19;: Authors: Yabe M, Morio T, Tabuchi K, Tomizawa D, Hasegawa D, Ishida H, Yoshida N, Koike T, Takahashi Y, Koh K, Okamoto Y, Sano H, Kato K, Kanda Y, Goto H, Takita J, Miyamura T, Noguchi M, Kato K, Hashii Y, Astuta Y, Yabe H Abstract We retrospectively analyzed nationwide records of 163 Fanconi anemia (FA) patients [aplastic anemia (AA), n = 118; myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), n = 30; acute leukemia, n = 15] who underwent first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) between 1987 and 2015 in Japan. An alternative donor was used in 119 (73%) patients, and 160 (98%) patients received a non-T-cell-depleted graft. With an 8.7-year median follow-up, 5-year overall survival (OS) was 81%. The 5-year OS was significantly higher in AA patients than in MDS and acute leukemia patients (89%, 71%, and 44%, respectively). In the MDS/leukemia group, factors associated with poor outcome in univariate analysis were older age at HSCT (≥ 18 years), conditioning regimen without anti-thymocyte or lymphocyte globulin, and grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease. After 1 year, of 137 survivors, 15 developed subsequent malignancies, of whom 12 were diagnosed with head and neck (HN)/esophageal cancer. An irradiation regimen and ol...
Source: International Journal of Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Int J Hematol Source Type: research

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