Gambogic acid inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of human acute T ‑cell leukemia cells by inducing autophagy and downregulating β‑catenin signaling pathway: Mechanisms underlying the effect of Gambogic acid on T‑ALL cells.

Gambogic acid inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of human acute T‑cell leukemia cells by inducing autophagy and downregulating β‑catenin signaling pathway: Mechanisms underlying the effect of Gambogic acid on T‑ALL cells. Oncol Rep. 2020 Aug 11;: Authors: Wang T, Du J, Kong D, Yang G, Zhou Q, You F, Lin Y, Wang Y Abstract The main active compound of Garcinia hanburyi (referred to as gamboge) is gambogic acid (GA), which has long been a Chinese herbal medicine for treating several types of cancer. However, the potential therapeutic role and mechanisms of GA in T‑cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T‑ALL) remain unclear. In the present study, the effects of GA on proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and autophagy in T‑ALL cell lines were investigated. The possible mechanisms underlying GA activity were also examined. The results showed that GA inhibited proliferation, induced apoptosis, and activated autophagy in T‑ALL cell lines (Jurkat and Molt‑4 cells). Findings confirmed that GA has an antileukemia effect against peripheral blood lymphocyte cells in patients with ALL. GA inhibited phospho‑GSK3β S9 (p‑GSK3β S9) protein levels to inactivate Wnt signaling and suppress β‑catenin protein levels. In addition, the inhibitory effect of GA on T‑ALL was reversed by overexpression of β‑catenin. Thus, GA can inhibit the growth and survival of T‑ALL cells. GA also had antileukemic activity, at least in p...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research

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An infectious trigger for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is hypothesized and we assessed the association between the rate, type, and critical exposure period for infections and the development of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. We conducted a matched case-control study using administrative databases to evaluate the association between the rate of infections and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia diagnosed between the ages of 2–14 years from Ontario, Canada and we used a validated approach to measure infections. In 1600 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and 16 000 matched cancer-free controls aged 2&nda...
Source: European Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Hematological cancers Source Type: research
This article is categorized under: Cancer> Genetics/Genomics/Epigenetics
Source: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: ADVANCED REVIEW Source Type: research
AbstractBackground Patients with haematological malignancies are at high risk of invasive fungal infections. However, there is a lack of information about the utilisation of the recommended Australian antifungal prophylaxis guidelines in haematology outpatients.Objective To assess the impact of a weekly pharmacist review of high-risk adult haematology outpatients on the utilisation of appropriate antifungal prophylaxis.Setting Outpatient cancer centre, tertiary referral hospital in Sydney, Australia.Method A 3-month pre-and post-interventional study was conducted. A retrospective audit was conducted to obtain baseline util...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
PTEN is one of the most frequently mutated tumor suppressor genes in human cancers. By counteracting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, PTEN plays an essential role in regulating hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) self-renewal, migration, lineage commitment, and differentiation. PTEN also plays important roles in suppressing leukemogenesis, especially T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Herein, we will review the function of PTEN in regulating hematopoiesis and leukemogenesis and discuss potential therapeutic approaches against leukemia with PTEN mutations.
Source: Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: The PTEN Family PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research
Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 2815: DUX Hunting—Clinical Features and Diagnostic Challenges Associated with DUX4-Rearranged Leukaemia Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers12102815 Authors: Jacqueline A. Rehn Matthew J. O'Connor Deborah L. White David T. Yeung DUX4-rearrangement (DUX4r) is a recently discovered recurrent genomic lesion reported in 4–7% of childhood B cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) cases. This subtype has favourable outcomes, especially in children and adolescents treated with intensive chemotherapy. The fusion most commonly links the hypervariable IGH gene to DUX4 a gene loca...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze the correlation between stress, anxiety, and depression in caregiver with pediatric ALL outcome. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted on children with ALL and their caregivers at the Pediatric Ward, Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya. Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) questionnaire were used to measure anxiety and depression in caregivers. Previous stressful experiences in children and caregivers were assessed by The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Children quality of life was assessed by pediatric quality of life inventory (PedsQL™) questionnaire. Pe...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common pediatric cancer. Vincristine is a core chemotherapeutic agent for patients with ALL; unfortunately, ∼78% will develop vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy (VIPN). VIPN can result in vincristine dose reductions that decrease therapeutic efficacy: making it important to understand which children are at highest risk for VIPN. We hypothesized that pediatric ALL patients who were obese at diagnosis would develop worse VIPN than healthy weight children with ALL within the first year. Our results confirmed that obese pediatric patients have significantly (P=0.03) wor...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Online Articles: Clinical and Laboratory Observations Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hematopathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Authors: Li X, Song F, Sun H Abstract The long non-coding (lnc)RNA associated with poor prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (AWPPH) serves as an oncogene in several cancers, such as liver and bladder cancers, however, to the best of our knowledge, its function in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is unknown. The results of the present study revealed that the expression levels of lncRNA AWPPH and Rho-associated protein kinase 2 (ROCK2) were upregulated in the bone marrow of patients with pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia compared with healthy controls. Expression levels of lncRNA AWPPH and ROCK2 were...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
idney Santos André Salim Khayat Paulo Pimentel de Assumpção Ney Pereira Carneiro dos Santos Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the leading cause of death from pediatric cancer worldwide. However, marked ethnic disparities are found in the treatment of childhood ALL with less effective results and higher mortality rates being obtained in populations with a high level of Native American ancestry. Genetic variations of the patient can affect resistance to ALL chemotherapy and potentially play an important role in this disparity. In the present study, we investigated the association of 16 gene...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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