Serosurveillance of Nipah virus infection in Malaysia

In this study, NiV serosurveillance was performed in Peninsular Malaysia.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 0585 Source Type: research

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SUMMARY: When preparing for the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and its effects on the CNS, radiologists should be familiar with neuroimaging appearances in past zoonotic infectious disease outbreaks. Organisms that have crossed the species barrier from animals to humans include viruses such as Hendra, Nipah, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, and influenza, as well as bacteria and others. Brain CT and MR imaging findings have included cortical abnormalities, microinfarction in the white matter, large-vessel occlusion, and features of meningitis. In particular, the high sensitivity of diffusion-weighted MR imaging in det...
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: ADULT BRAIN Source Type: research
Background: Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a zoonotic disease. Bangladesh identified first NiV in 2004; until 2019, Bangladesh reported 307 NiV cases with 70% case fatality rate (CFR). Drinking raw date palm sap (RDPS) and human-to-human infection are common modes of transmission. Study showed>3% contacts might develop NiV following exposure for>12 –24h. In February 2019, four deaths and one critically ill patient were reported in a northern district of Bangladesh. We investigated the outbreak to identify source, mode of transmission and establish control measures.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 0605 Source Type: research
We report a case of Nipah Virus Encephalitis, which had a sub-acute presentation, had prolonged viral shedding with symptoms but no documented secondary cases in spite of many having prolonged and close contact with the patient.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 0589 Source Type: research
Asma Ayesha Rahim, Thomas V ChackoIndian Journal of Community Medicine 2020 45(3):261-265 Although Kerala was the first state in India to report COVID cases, it was well prepared drawing on its past experience in managing effectively the Nipah outbreak and Kerala floods. It knew and initiated the measures required for containment because of its prior experience with mobilizing community-based groups, involvement of local-self government in decentralized planning, and participation in the containment and relief measure as well as a system-ready health system and infrastructure. The measures taken to “flatten the curv...
Source: Indian Journal of Community Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Nipah virus (NiV) is a fatal zoonotic agent that was first identified amongst pig farmers in Malaysia in 1998, in an outbreak that resulted in 105 fatal human cases. That epidemic arose from a chain of infecti...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
A handful of factors tip the scales in making a virus more likely to trigger a disruptive global outbreak. Right now, scientists tend to rank influenza, coronaviruses, and Nipah virus as the biggest...
Source: The Scientist - Category: Science Tags: Feature News & Opinion Source Type: news
Purpose of review To highlight the lessons learned from the Ebola outbreak that may inform our approach to the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly related to the widespread disruption of healthcare, ophthalmic disease manifestations, and vision health systems strengthening for future outbreaks. Recent findings Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), first detected in China in December 2019, has become a worldwide health emergency, with significant disruption of all aspects of society, including travel, business, and medical care. Although this pandemic has had unprecedented effects on healthcare delivery in the United States...
Source: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: COVID19: Edited by Allen Chiang and Prithvi Mruthyunjaya Source Type: research
It wasn’t greed, or curiosity, that made Li Rusheng grab his shotgun and enter Shitou Cave. It was about survival. During Mao-era collectivization of the early 1970s, food was so scarce in the emerald valleys of southwestern China’s Yunnan province that farmers like Li could expect to eat meat only once a year–if they were lucky. So, craving protein, Li and his friends would sneak into the cave to hunt the creatures they could hear squeaking and fluttering inside: bats. Li would creep into the gloom and fire blindly at the vaulted ceiling, picking up any quarry that fell to the ground, while his companion...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 feature Magazine Source Type: news
In this study, we summarized the current findings on how CH25H and 25HC play multiple roles to modulate cholesterol metabolism, inflammation, immunity, and antiviral infections. Overall, 25HC should be further studied as a potential therapeutic agent to control emerging infectious diseases in the future.
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract In any outbreak situation, a poor stakeholder response can impede the outbreak control and can have high economic and social cost. We conducted a qualitative study to understand stakeholder response in handling of the Nipah deceased persons during the outbreak of Nipah in Kerala, 2018. To understand the responses and to generate knowledge from the data, we used grounded theory approach for the study and conducted in-depth interviews and focus group discussion. Mixed public response and swift state response emerged as the main themes in our study. Under the "mixed public response," three categori...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
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