Progress Toward Poliovirus Containment Implementation - Worldwide, 2019-2020.

Progress Toward Poliovirus Containment Implementation - Worldwide, 2019-2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Sep 18;69(37):1330-1333 Authors: Moffett DB, Llewellyn A, Singh H, Saxentoff E, Partridge J, Boualam L, Pallansch M, Wassilak S, Asghar H, Roesel S, Grabovac V, Rey-Benito G, Barnor J, Theo A, Swan J, Iakovenko M, Baig N, Gurung S, Pandel E, Zaffran M Abstract Since 1988, when World Health Organization (WHO) Member States and partners launched the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, the number of wild poliovirus (WPV) cases has declined from 350,000 in 125 countries to 176 in only two countries in 2019 (1). The Global Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication (GCC) declared two of the three WPV types, type 2 (WPV2) and type 3 (WPV3), eradicated globally in 2015 and 2019, respectively (1). Wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) remains endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan (1). Containment under strict biorisk management measures is vital to prevent reintroduction of eradicated polioviruses into communities from poliovirus facilities. In 2015, Member States committed to contain type 2 polioviruses (PV2) in poliovirus-essential facilities (PEFs) certified in accordance with a global standard (2). Member states agreed to report national PV2 inventories annually, destroy unneeded PV2 materials, and, if retaining PV2 materials, establish national authorities for containment (NACs) and a PEF auditing process. Since declaration of WPV3 eradica...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

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