Genes, Vol. 11, Pages 1082: The Study of the Expression of CGB1 and CGB2 in Human Cancer Tissues
Genes, Vol. 11, Pages 1082: The Study of the Expression of CGB1 and CGB2 in Human Cancer Tissues Genes doi: 10.3390/genes11091082 Authors: Piotr Białas Aleksandra Śliwa Anna Szczerba Anna Jankowska Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a well-known hormone produced by the trophoblast during pregnancy as well as by both trophoblastic and non-trophoblastic tumors. hCG is built from two subunits: α (hCGα) and β (hCGβ). The hormone-specific β subunit is encoded by six allelic genes: CGB3, CGB5, CGB6, CGB7, CGB8, and CGB9, mapped to the 19q13.32 locus. This gene cluster also encompasses the CGB1 and CGB2 genes, which were originally considered to be pseudogenes, but as documented by several studies are transcriptionally active. Even though the protein products of these genes have not yet been identified, based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database analysis we showed that the mutual presence of CGB1 and CGB2 transcripts is a characteristic feature of cancers of different origin, including bladder urothelial carcinoma, cervical squamous cell carcinoma, esophageal carcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma, lung squamous cell carcinoma, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, rectum adenocacinoma, testis germ cell tumors, thymoma, uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma and uterine carcinosarcoma.
This article is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence.Bjoern C Froehlich, Robert Popp, Constance A Sobsey, Sahar Ibrahim, Andre M LeBlanc, Yassene Mohammed, Marguerite Buchanan, Adriana Aguilar-Mahecha, Oliver Poetz, Michael X Chen, Alan Spatz, Mark Basik, Gerald Batist, Rene Zahedi, Christoph H. Borchers The PI3-kinase/AKT/mTOR pathway plays a central role in cancer signaling. While p110 α is the catalytic α-subunit of PI3-kinase and a major drug target, PTEN is the main negative regulator of... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
ConclusionsThis systematic review suggests that women with HPV- and p16-positive vaginal cancer have an improved prognosis compared with those with HPV- or p16-negative vaginal cancer. Results for p53 were varied, and no conclusion could be reached. Only 12 studies could be included in the review, of which most were based on small populations. Hence, further and larger studies on the prognostic impact of HPV, p16, and p53 in vaginal cancer are warranted.
This study aims to detail the characteristics of chemotherapy-related acute kidney injury (CR-AKI) and investigate its effect on patient outcomes.MethodsThis is a multicenter cross-sectional study of cancer patients with CR-AKI screened from hospital-acquired adult AKI patients based on a nationwide AKI survey in China.ResultsOf the 3468 patients with hospital-acquired AKI, 258 cases of CR-AKI were identified. Of the patients, 20.1% (52/258) were ≥ 70 years old. Among the 258 CR-AKI cases, 61 (23.6%) reached AKI stage 3, and 75 (29.1%) reached AKI stage 2. The remaining 122 (47.3%) remained at AKI stage 1. A total of 41...
ConclusionsChemotherapy with FOLFIRNOX or gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel induces variable changes in circulating T-cell populations that may provide prognostic information in PDAC.
AbstractMethylation of N6-adenosine (m6A) is the most prevalent internal RNA modification and is especially common among the messenger RNAs. These m6A modifications regulate splicing, translocation, stability and translation of RNA through dynamic and reversible interactions with m6A-binding proteins, namely the writers, erasers and readers. RNA methyltransferases catalyze the m6A modifications, while demethylases reverse this methylation. Deregulation of the m6A modification process has been implicated in human carcinogenesis, including melanoma —which carries one of the highest mutant rates. In this review, we prov...
ConclusionPelvic floor dysfunction commonly deteriorates and negatively impacts on quality of life after minimally invasive radical hysterectomy, especially bowel function after TMMR. Pelvic floor symptoms should routinely be addressed pre- and postoperatively.
ConclusionsA better control of bladder filling is recommended to minimize the number of fractions in which the bladder volume is lower than planned. Fiducial mark tracking with a displacement threshold of 5 mm in any direction is recommended to ensure that the prescribed dose criteria are met.
AbstractCancer genomics has evolved over the years from understanding the pathogenesis of cancer to screening the future possibilities of cancer occurrence. Understanding the genetic profile of tumors holds a prognostic as well as a predictive value in this era of therapeutic surveillance, molecular remission, and precision medicine. Identifying molecular markers in tumors is the current standard of approach, and requires an efficient combination of an accessible sample type and a profoundly sensitive technique. Liquid biopsy or cell-free DNA has evolved as a novel sample type with promising results in recent years. Althou...
ConclusionTaken together, miR-143-3p and miR-495-3p co-target CDK1, thereby inhibiting the occurrence and development of cervical cancer.
AbstractObjectivesHigh-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is an important risk factor for esophageal cancer. Macrophages constitute a crucial immune medium for regulating HPV-related tumors; however, the specific regulatory mechanisms remain unknown. Therefore, the purpose of our current study was to investigate the mechanism by which HPV16E6 regulates macrophages to promote the invasion and metastasis of esophageal cancer.MethodsHPV16E6 infection was detected by polymerase chain reaction. Immunohistochemistry was used to verify the distribution of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and MMP-9 expression in esophageal squa...
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