Galectin-3 in Prostate Cancer Stem-Like Cells Is Immunosuppressive and Drives Early Metastasis

Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is an extracellular matrix glycan-binding protein with several immunosuppressive and pro-tumor functions. The role of Galectin-3 in cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) is poorly investigated. Here, we show that prostate CSCs also colonizing prostate-draining lymph nodes of transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) mice overexpress Gal-3. Gal-3 contributes to prostate CSC-mediated immune suppression because either Gal-3 silencing in CSCs, or co-culture of CSCs and T cells in the presence of the Gal-3 inhibitor N-Acetyl-D-lactosamine rescued T cell proliferation. N-Acetyl-D-lactosamine also rescued the proliferation of T cells in prostate-draining lymph nodes of TRAMP mice affected by prostate intraepithelial neoplasia. Additionally, Gal-3 impacted prostate CSC tumorigenic and metastatic potential in vivo, as Gal-3 silencing in prostate CSCs reduced both primary tumor growth and secondary invasion. Gal-3 was also found expressed in more differentiated prostate cancer cells, but with different intracellular distribution as compared to CSCs, which suggests different functions of Gal-3 in the two cell populations. In fact, the prevalent nuclear and cytoplasmic distribution of Gal-3 in prostate CSCs made them less susceptible to apoptosis, when compared to more differentiated prostate cancer cells, in which Gal-3 was predominantly intra-cytoplasmic. Finally, we found Gal-3 expressed in human and mouse prostate intraepithelial neoplasia lesions and in meta...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Increased miRNA-153 expression and lost PTEN expression in PCa may provide information on their role in the progression of this cancer, suggesting that miRNA-153 could affect PTEN directly in prostatic neoplastic and hyperplastic lesions, and therefore miRNA-153 can be considered a new tool to improve the treatment efficacy and prognosis of PCa patients.PMID:34859846 | DOI:10.26355/eurrev_202111_27231
Source: Pharmacological Reviews - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Ten genes of both high-and low-risk scores were associated with the prognosis of PC. PC prognosis may be related to immune disorders. SPOP, TP53, and TTN may be potential targets for the prognosis of PC.PMID:34853602 | PMC:PMC8629613 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6894278
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose of review Whether Grade Group 1 (GG1) prostate cancer is really cancer remains controversial. Recent findings Favoring renaming GG1 with a noncancerous diagnosis are: fear of the term cancer, which will lead to overtreatment of GG1; and indolence of GG1. Favor designating GG1 as cancer are: morphologically, GG1 may be indistinguishable from GG2 to GG5 and GG1 is invasive (lacks basal cells), can show perineural invasion and extraprostatic extension; molecularly, GG1 has many of the hallmarks of prostate cancer; calling GG1 noncancer would lead to inconsistencies and confusion in reporting; sampling error...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: PROSTATE CANCER: Edited by Matthew Cooperberg and Ashutosh K. Tewari Source Type: research
We describe a case of dermatomyositis with unusually severe oropharyngeal dysphagia and respiratory muscle weakness on presentation, who was found to have underlying metastatic prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is uncommonly associated with DM. The patient tested positive for antitranscription intermediate family-1 (anti-TIF-1, also known as anti-p155/410) antibodies, which are linked to malignancy-associated DM in adults and are associated with dysphagia and more severe cutaneous findings.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Review Source Type: research
Ecancermedicalscience. 2021 Sep 23;15:1295. doi: 10.3332/ecancer.2021.1295. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTThe most common presenting symptoms of prostate cancer, a common cancer in males worldwide, are lower urinary tract symptoms. In rare cases, however, urinary symptoms may not be apparent, and patients can present with gastrointestinal symptoms instead. Even rarer is the involvement of non-regional lymph nodes such as the cervical nodes. Here, we report a case of a 50-year-old male who initially presented with constipation and an enlarging left lateral neck mass. Further work-up revealed metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma a...
Source: Ecancermedicalscience - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
We describe a case of dermatomyositis with unusually severe oropharyngeal dysphagia and respiratory muscle weakness on presentation, who was found to have underlying metastatic prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is uncommonly associated with DM. The patient tested positive for antitranscription intermediate family-1 (anti-TIF-1, also known as anti-p155/410) antibodies, which are linked to malignancy-associated DM in adults and are associated with dysphagia and more severe cutaneous findings.PMID:34808651 | DOI:10.1097/CND.0000000000000378
Source: Clinical Prostate Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Objective Role of texture parameters on the basis of Ga-68 PSMA PET/CT in prostate cancer (Pca) is largely unexplored. Present work done is a preliminary study that aims to evaluate the role of Haralick texture features on the basis of Ga-68 PSMA PET/CT in Pca in which texture features were used to differentiate between normal prostate and Pca tissue. Methods The study retrospectively enrolled patients in two groups: group 1 included 30 patients with biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma prostate and median age 64 years (range: 50–82 years) who underwent baseline Ga-68 PSMA PET/CT prior to therapy; group 2 included...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This article provides a comprehensive imaging review of prostatic neuroendocrine tumors.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
We present the case of a 61-year-old patient who developed a penile induration 7 years after radical prostatectomy followed by adjuvant external beam radiation therapy for high-risk prostatic adenocarcinoma. Biopsies confirmed the metastatic localization and a detailed assessment failed to find any further remote lesions. Faced with this penile oligometastatic prostate cancer, we proposed an ablative treatment based on interstitial multi-catheter high-dose rate brachytherapy. At the six-month follow-up, clinical examination and 68Ga-PSMA-11-PET confirmed a complete response of the penile tumor without new lesion at a dista...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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