Low Serum Magnesium Levels Are Associated With Hemorrhagic Transformation After Thrombolysis in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Conclusions: Lower serum magnesium levels in patients with ischemic stroke are associated with an increased risk of HT after intravenous thrombolysis, but perhaps only when serum magnesium is below a certain minimal concentration.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The new IHS protocol has led to a marked increase in cases identified, rapid evaluation, and high utilization rate of acute stroke therapies.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Clinical Nursing Focus Source Type: research
Authors: Yang Y, Sun W, Li D, Li XY, Wang XT, Li SC, Zhao HJ, Zhang JB Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an independent risk factor for intracranial hemorrhage in patients receiving recombinant-tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) thrombolytic therapy. Research showed that patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) could benefit from multimode computed-tomography- (CT-) guided intravenous thrombolysis over 4.5 hours. The medical data of patients with AIS in our center were retrospectively reviewed, and the data of the multimode CT-guided thrombolytic therapy or nonthrombolytic therapy within different time w...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe incidence of stroke in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) is eight-to-ten times greater than that of the general population. However, data on the outcome of stroke in these patients are limited.MethodsIn this retrospective observational cohort study, electronic medical records of all patients undergoing HD from 1.1.2014 to 31.12.2017 at Meir Medical Center, Israel, were reviewed. Stroke was defined as a focal neurological deficit of cerebrovascular origin, and confirmed as ischemic or hemorrhagic by computed tomography. Age- and sex-matched HD patients who did not experience a stroke (HD-NS) and hospi...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Up to date, no data about PCIS and IVT are available from RTCs. Based on limited results from retrospective clinical studies and case series, IVT is safer for use in PCIS than in ACIS. Patients with brainstem ischemia, vertebral artery occlusion, and absence of basilar or posterior cerebral artery occlusion could be considered for treatment with IVT even in borderline cases. Time to IVT in PCIS seems to be a less crucial factor than in ACIS. IVT for PCIS may be beneficial even after 4.5 h from symptom onset. Introduction History of Intravenous Thrombolysis—The Most Relevant Studies Intravenous t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Johannes Schurig1,2*, Karl Georg Haeusler1,2,3, Ulrike Grittner4,5, Christian H. Nolte1,2, Jochen B. Fiebach1,2, Heinrich J. Audebert1,2, Matthias Endres1,2,5,6 and Andrea Rocco1,2 1Center for Stroke Research Berlin, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 2Department of Neurology, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 3Department of Neurology, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Insitute of Biometry and Clinical Epidemiology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 5Berlin Institute of Heal...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Background and Purpose—Experimental models of cerebral ischemia demonstrate that the decrease in the caveolin-1 membrane protein results in an increase in endothelial permeability. Because this phenomenon is responsible for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after cerebral ischemia, we aimed to determine whether caveolin-1 levels may predict bleeding after recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (r-tPA) administration in patients with acute stroke.Methods—We studied 133 patients with a first hemispheric stroke treated with r-tPA within 4.5 hours of symptom onset. HT was evaluated and classified on cranial co...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Biomarkers, Endothelium/Vascular Type/Nitric Oxide, Blood-Brain Barrier, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur case report adds to the evidence that idarucizumab administration is safe in the setting of patients with atrial fibrillation treated with dabigatran who develop acute ischemic stroke requiring thrombolysis.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSTopographic assessment of acute ischemic changes using the sASPECTS (including caudate, lentiform nucleus, insula, and M5) can predict disability/death in anterior circulation stroke as accurately as the ASPECTS; and may help predict response to treatment and risk of developing symptomatic ICH.
Source: Journal of Neuroimaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigative Study Source Type: research
With over 150,000 strokes in the United Kingdom every year, and more than 1 million living survivors, stroke is the third most common cause of death and the leading cause of severe physical disability among adults. A major challenge in administering timely treatment is determining whether the stroke is due to vascular blockage (ischaemic) or haemorrhage. For patients with ischaemic stroke, thrombolysis (i.e. pharmacological ‘clot-busting’) can improve outcomes when delivered swiftly after onset, and current National Health Service Quality Improvement Scotland guidelines are for thrombolytic therapy to be provid...
Source: Health Informatics Journal - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Articles Source Type: research
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