The prevalence of headache disorders in children and adolescents in Ethiopia: a schools-based study

ConclusionsHeadache is very common in children and adolescents in Ethiopia. This has major public-health implications, since half the country ’s population are aged under 18 years.
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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AbstractIntroductionThe phase 3 PREEMPT trials demonstrated efficacy and tolerability of onabotulinumtoxinA for headache prevention in adults with chronic migraine. OnabotulinumtoxinA significantly reduced headache frequency from baseline vs. placebo at 24  weeks; however, this measure may not fully capture the benefits of treatment. We evaluated the impact of onabotulinumtoxinA on patient-reported outcomes according to headache responder status.MethodsA post hoc analysis pooled 24-week data from the placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind treatment phases of the PREEMPT trials. Patients were stratified by random...
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Discussion Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are common with an estimated 50% of the US population being infected by age 30, and with latent infection harboring in the trigeminal nerve in 100% of people by age 60 years. HSV infections can cause a vesicular or pustular skin rash that is painful, burning or pruritic and also flu-like symptoms with fever, chills, headache, and fatigue. HSV can also be asymptomatic. To laymen, herpes simplex viruses cause “cold sores,” but to health care personnel, herpes causes many systemic infections including eczema herpeticum, folliculitis, herpes gladiatorum, whitlow, e...
Source: - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
ConclusionsConsistent with the theory that alterations in cognitive cortical processes are a key signature of migraine, our findings revealed an abnormal state of suppressing prepotent responses in migraineurs, which can be attributed to cortical disexcitability of the pre-frontal executive network and centro-parietal sensorimotor network. These novel findings extend to show the existence of dysfunctional inhibition control that occurs during suppression of prepotent responses in migraneurs.
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur experience suggests that ONS is not effective in the treatment of NDPH with migrainous features even in centers with experience in treating chronic migraine with ONS. The difference in response rates of chronic migraine and NDPH with migrainous features supports the concept of a different pathophysiology to the two conditions.
Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Case Series Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewLow back pain with radicular symptoms is a common cause of disability in the adult population in the USA. Lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) is one of the most frequently used intervention for lumbar radiculitis. The purpose of this review is to evaluate complications associated with lumbar TFESI.Recent FindingsBased on the literature review, the reported rate of minor complications was between 2.4 and 9.6%. The major complications including spinal abscess, spinal cord infarct, and epidural hematoma were documented as case reports. Some patients with spinal cord infarct had pe...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis narrative review examines the use of behavioral interventions for acute treatment of headache and pain in the emergency department (ED)/urgent care (UC) and inpatient settings.Recent FindingsBehavioral interventions demonstrate reductions of pain and associated disability in headache, migraine, and other conditions in the outpatient setting. Behavioral treatments may be a useful addition for patients presenting with acute pain to hospitals and emergency departments.SummaryWe review challenges and limitations and offer suggestions for implementation of behavioral interventions in the acute sett...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThose with prior IIH who have their headaches successfully treated with CGRP therapy, should remain under close ocular surveillance (particularly when weight gain is evident) as papilloedema can re-occur in the absence of headache. These cases may suggest that CGRP could be a mechanistic driver for headache in patients with active IIH.
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Manual therapy may have positive effects on pain intensity and frequency, but more studies are necessary to strengthen the evidence of the effects of manual therapy on subjects with tension-type headache. Implications for rehabilitation Soft tissue interventions and dry needling can be used to improve pain intensity and frequency in patients with tension type headache. High velocity and low amplitude thrust manipulations were not effective for improving pain intensity and frequency in patients with tension type headache. Manual therapy was not effective for improving the impact of headache in patients with tens...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Many people experience pain that lasts more than three months that is neither cancer ‐related nor a headache. The search for a diagnosis and pain relief is often long and can be discouraging.  In this interview, lead author of the recently updated Cochrane ReviewPsychological therapies for the management of chronic pain (excluding headache) in adults  Amanda C de C Williams discusses the findings of this review.Can you tell us about this Cochrane Review and what is new about this update?This review is the third in Cochrane, and the fourth overall, attempting to answer the question of efficacy of psychological i...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
Kayla Brim laughed when she learned it could take 10 days to get her COVID-19 test results back. “I thought, ‘Okay, well, within 10 days I should be fine,’” she remembers. That was on July 2. More than a month later, Brim is still far from fine. Prior to the pandemic, the 28-year-old from Caldwell, Idaho, juggled homeschooling her two kids with her work as a makeup artist—she was supposed to open her own salon in July. Now, she suffers daily from shortness of breath, exhaustion, excruciating headaches, brain fog, neuropathy, high blood pressure and loss of taste and smell. She feels like &ldqu...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
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