Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 2482: Counteracting Chemoresistance with Metformin in Breast Cancers: Targeting Cancer Stem Cells

Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 2482: Counteracting Chemoresistance with Metformin in Breast Cancers: Targeting Cancer Stem Cells Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers12092482 Authors: Samuel Varghese Koklesová Líšková Kubatka Büsselberg Despite the leaps and bounds in achieving success in the management and treatment of breast cancers through surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, breast cancer remains the most frequently occurring cancer in women and the most common cause of cancer-related deaths among women. Systemic therapeutic approaches, such as chemotherapy, although beneficial in treating and curing breast cancer subjects with localized breast tumors, tend to fail in metastatic cases of the disease due to (a) an acquired resistance to the chemotherapeutic drug and (b) the development of intrinsic resistance to therapy. The existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) plays a crucial role in both acquired and intrinsic chemoresistance. CSCs are less abundant than terminally differentiated cancer cells and confer chemoresistance through a unique altered metabolism and capability to evade the immune response system. Furthermore, CSCs possess active DNA repair systems, transporters that support multidrug resistance (MDR), advanced detoxification processes, and the ability to self-renew and differentiate into tumor progenitor cells, thereby supporting cancer invasion, metastasis, and recurrence/relapse. Hence, current research is focusing...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Our results suggested that β-Elemene inhibits the metastasis of MDR gastric cancer cells by modulating the miR-1323/Cbl-b/EGFR signaling axis.Graphical abstracts
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data demonstrate that miR-331-3p contributes to drug resistance by activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling via ST7L in pancreatic cancer cells. These data provide a theoretical basis for new targeted therapies in the future. PMID: 32924881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Technol Cancer Res Treat Source Type: research
Authors: Darzi S, Mirzaei SA, Elahian F, Shirian S, Peymani A, Rahmani B, Dibazar SP, Aali E Abstract The capability of flavonoids in sensitizing cancer cells was demonstrated in numerous works to chemotherapy and converse multidrug resistance by modulating efflux pumps and apoptosis mechanisms. Three flavonoids, namely, bavachinin, tephrosin, and candidone, have been recently introduced to cancer treatment research presenting various activities, such as antibacterial, immunomodulatory, cell death, and anticancer. Less information exists regarding the therapeutic significance of these flavonoids in cancer treatment...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
In this study, we found that a methanol extract of the leaves and branches of P. indica L. (MEPI) caused cellcycle arrest at the sub-G1 phase and induced apoptosis, as indicated by the activation of caspase-8, -3, -7, and c-PARP. Western blotting revealed that MEPI significantly reduced the levels of markers of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, such as Vimentin, Snail, Slug, and matrix metallopeptidase 9. Notably, the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) was significantly decreased by MEPI. Moreover, the co-treatment with MEPI and doxorubicin resulted in a syn...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) are involved in uric acid excretion in humans and mice. Despite evidence suggesting that renal proximal tubular epithelial cell...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
In this study we tested the clinoptilolite, chabazite, and natrolite ability to be loaded by antitumor ribonuclease binase and the cytotoxicity of the obtained complexes. We found the optimal conditions for binase loading into zeolites and established the dynamic of its release. Cytotoxic effects of zeolite-binase complexes toward colorectal cancer Caco2 cells were characterized after 24 and 48 h of incubation with cells using MTT-test. Zeolites were toxic by itselfs and reduced cells viability by 30% (clinoptilolite), 40% (chabazite), and 70% (natrolite) after 48 h of incubation. Binase complexes with clinoptilolite as we...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, e-As4S4 holds great potential for an alternative therapeutics in the treatment of breast cancer, due to its unique function of correcting the aggressive microenvironment. Introduction Metastasis is the leading cause of breast cancer mortality, which has been one major challenge in clinical treatment (1). In particular, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by the absence of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR) and HER2 receptors, which is one of the most aggressive types of breast cancers, marked by high rates of relapse, visceral metastases and early death (2, 3). The...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion Several TISC-based immunotherapeutic approaches are under development in various stages of preclinical studies. As outlined in this review article, a careful and more exhaustive genetic and metabolic understanding of TISC-associated phenotypes is critical to develop novel TISC based immunotherapies. Various components within the tumor microenvironment such as tumor cells, infiltrating immune cells, and supporting stromal cells impact the TISC metabolism. This unique metabolic profile leads to upregulation of certain enzymes and proteins such as ALDH1, CEP55, IDO COA1 etc., which can be utilized for development ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspective With in-depth understandings of antibodies, linkers, and payloads, ADCs have also achieved great development. The linkage strategy and target diversity have already improved the delivery of the payloads to tumor tissues and reduced exposure to normal tissues. With the development of payloads, some novel potent payloads are used by ADCs, which allows researchers to exploit novel linkers to attach the antibody and payloads without disturbing their potency (Dragovich et al., 2018). Furthermore, some irrelevant antigen-target ADCs also may exert toxicity to tumor cells due to the vascular gap of tum...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Chan Feng1, Donglei Zhu1, Lv Chen1, Yonglin Lu1, Jie Liu1, Na Yoon Kim2, Shujing Liang1, Xia Zhang1, Yun Lin1, Yabin Ma3* and Chunyan Dong1* 1Cancer Center, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China 2Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States 3Pharmacy Department, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China The off-target activation of photosensitizers is one of the most well-known obstacles to effective photodynamic therapy (PDT). The selected activation of photosensitizers in cancer cells is highly desired to overcome this problem. We...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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