Multivariate predictive model for asymptomatic spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with liver cirrhosis.

CONCLUSION: Our predictive model is based on the MELD score, polymorphonuclear cells, blood N, hepatocellular carcinoma, and renal dysfunction. This model may improve the early diagnosis of asymptomatic SBP. PMID: 32848336 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research

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Chronic liver diseases (CLD) are a worldwide clinical problem, as they are related to high morbidity and mortality. The principal causes include viral, alcoholism, cholestatic, autoimmune and metabolic diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). These CLD can evolve into cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) [1]. Patients with CLD showed significant health problems like ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatic encephalopathy and persistent variceal bleeding concomitant with a decrease in health-related quality of life [1-3].
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study identifies a significant relationship between PPIs therapies and several specific adverse clinical outcomes in CLD. However, these results should be carefully considered given the potential selection bias and unmeasured confounding variables in observational studies, it may be reasonable to re-evaluate the need for PPIs in patients with CLD.
Source: Hepatology International - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract Cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. Newer research has established that liver fibrosis is a dynamic process and that early cirrhosis may be reversible. Only one in three people with cirrhosis knows they have it. Most patients with cirrhosis remain asymptomatic until the onset of decompensation. When clinical signs, symptoms, or abnormal liver function tests are discovered, further evaluation should be pursued promptly. The most common causes of cirrhosis are viral hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Initial workup includes viral hepatitis se...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Abstract The intimate connection and the strict mutual cooperation between the gut and the liver realizes a functional entity called gut-liver axis. The integrity of intestinal barrier is crucial for the maintenance of liver homeostasis. In this mutual relationship, the liver acts as a second firewall towards potentially harmful substances translocated from the gut, and is, in turn, is implicated in the regulation of the barrier. Increasing evidence has highlighted the relevance of increased intestinal permeability and consequent bacterial translocation in the development of liver damage. In particular, in patient...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion: In conclusion, liver cirrhosis is the major cause of ascites in Gondar, Ethiopia, while chronic viral hepatitis infections (hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) viruses) are the main causes of liver cirrhosis. The other major causes included heart failure, tuberculosis, and hepatosplenic schistosomiasis. It is wise to consider and give priority to these diseases whenever one is evaluating a patient with ascites. PMID: 31360695 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 April 2019Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and GastroenterologyAuthor(s): ZhaoHan Wang, Aiyao Wang, Zhibin Gong, Ivano Biviano, Hui Liu, Jianfang HuSummaryObjectiveTo investigate intestinal endotoxemia (IETM), intestinal permeability (IP) and cytokine activity in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC).Materials and methodsTwenty-nine patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 28 with compensated LC, 33 with decompensated LC, 24 with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), 26 with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), and 24 with decompensated LC complicated by hepatocellular carc...
Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusion Massive SI and immune cell paralysis associated with ACLF represent the extreme severity of CAID in response to an infectious or sterile challenge. The severe immune disturbance plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the distinctive features of ACLF: organ failure and bacterial infection susceptibility. Excessive SI in ACLF results from the massive activation and dysfunction of an innate immune system challenged by increased PAMPs and DAMPs. SI leads to cell and tissue immunopathology contributing to hepatic and extrahepatic organ failure. Concomitantly, the course of ACLF is associated with a disproportio...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of TBV in such cohort of patients as compared to lamivudine (LAM) and entecavir (ETV). We retrospectively evaluated 130 treatment-na ïve patients with HBV-related decompensated cirrhosis who started treatment with TBV (n = 31), LAM (n = 45) or ETV (n = 54). After 24 months of treatment, cumulative virological response (VR) rates (HBV DNA
Source: Clinical and Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of TBV in such cohort of patients as compared to lamivudine (LAM) and entecavir (ETV). We retrospectively evaluated 130 treatment-naïve patients with HBV-related decompensated cirrhosis who started treatment with TBV (n = 31), LAM (n = 45) or ETV (n = 54). After 24 months of treatment, cumulative virological response (VR) rates (HBV DNA
Source: Clinical and Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Source Type: research
In this study, the incidence rate of SBP caused by gram-positive bacteria in patients with cirrhosis was similar to the rates reported in recently published studies. Furthermore, the use of systemic antibiotics within 30 days before SBP diagnosis and a lower SOFA score were significantly associated with SBP caused by gram-positive bacteria in patients with cirrhosis.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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