A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of a Combination of Simvastatin and Chemotherapy in Metastatic Breast Cancer.

A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of a Combination of Simvastatin and Chemotherapy in Metastatic Breast Cancer. J Oncol. 2020;2020:4174395 Authors: Alarfi H, Youssef LA, Salamoon M Abstract Preclinical studies support the anticancer activity of statins; however, the existing clinical evidence is inconsistent and not definitive. Our study aimed at evaluating a postulated cancer chemo-sensitizing effect of statin (simvastatin) in a cohort of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients. We designed a prospective, single-centered, randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled trial that encompassed MBC patients with an ECOG Performance Status Scale ≤2 and scheduled to be treated with a chemotherapy regimen consisting of carboplatin and vinorelbine every 3 weeks at Al-Baironi Hospital, Damascus, Syria. Patients were enrolled between August 2011 and July 2012 and randomly allocated to receive a 15-day course of either simvastatin (40 mg) or placebo seven days prior to the first day of each chemotherapy cycle and then continued for eight days in each individual cycle. Primary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR) and toxicity, and the secondary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Eighty-two patients met the inclusion criteria and consented. ORR (35% vs. 32.5%) and predominant toxicity and grade ≥3 neutropenia (occurred in 30% vs. 40% of the patients) were not significantly different between simvastatin and placebo groups...
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research

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In conclusion, it remains unclear if brain-specific regional and temporal changes occur in the expression of the different APP variants during AD progression. Since APP is also found in blood cells, assessing the changes in APP mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells from AD patients has been considering an alternative. However, again the quantification of APP mRNA in peripheral blood cells has generated controversial results. Brain APP protein has been analyzed in only a few studies, probably as it is difficult to interpret the complex pattern of APP variants and fragments. We previously characterized the soluabl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Chemotherapy has led to improved survival in patients with breast cancer; however, it is associated with an increased risk of cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. We investigated the protective effects of rosuvastatin and candesartan, alone and in combination, in a doxorubicin- and trastuzumab-induced rat model of cardiomyopathy.
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Survivin has an anti-apoptotic effect against anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. Clinically, statin use is associated with a lower risk for heart failure in breast cancer patients with anthracycline chemotherapy. So, the purpose of our study was to investigate whether survivin mediates the protective effect of statin against anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity.
Source: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
Joseph D. Romano1,2,3,4 and Nicholas P. Tatonetti1,2,3,4* 1Department of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States 2Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States 3Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States 4Data Science Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States The discovery of new pharmaceutical drugs is one of the preeminent tasks—scientifically, economically, and socially—in biomedical research. Advances in informatics and computational biology have increased productivity at many stag...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to investigate the expression of HMG-CoAR in Korean patients with breast cancer. The expression of HMG-CoAR on tissue microarrays from 191 patients who underwent resection from 2005 to 2006 in the Pusan National University Hospital was assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The IHC assessment by a board-certified pathologist included areas of both carcinoma and peritumoral tissue of the breast. The scores of cancer-specific staining were adjusted by the scores of peritumoral staining. The patients were followed for a median 9.1 years. Disease-free survival (DFS) was shorter in patients with a positive a...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
This article, however, is more of a commentary on high level strategy and the effects of regulation, coupled with a desire to forge ahead rather than hold back in the matter of treating aging, thus I concur with much more of what is said than is usually the case. For decades, one of the most debated questions in gerontology was whether aging is a disease or the norm. At present, excellent reasoning suggests aging should be defined as a disease - indeed, aging has been referred to as "normal disease." Aging is the sum of all age-related diseases and this sum is the best biomarker of aging. Aging and its d...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Tosedostat represents a next generation oral aminopeptidase inhibitor prodrug that has recently demonstrated promising activity in elderly patients with relapsed and refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This prodrug is bio-activated to its hydrophilic active metabolite by intracellular esterases including carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) hence enhancing its cellular retention and promoting targeting of multiple aminopeptidases.Aminopeptidase inhibition provokes an amino acid deprivation response, inhibition of mTOR activity and blockade of protein synthesis. The fact that CES1 also has an important physiological function in c...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 604. Molecular Pharmacology and Drug Resistance in Myeloid Diseases: Poster III Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 September 2018Source: Journal of EthnopharmacologyAuthor(s): Ching-Hui Huang, Hui-Ping Chang, Shou-Yi Su, Wen-Kang Chen, Yu-Jun Chang, Yang-Cheng Lee, Yu-Jui KuoAbstractEthnopharmacological relevanceCardiovascular disease is the main concern of breast cancer survivors who received doxorubicin treatment. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) provides as a complementary therapy to patients with breast cancer and is an important component of health care in Taiwan. However, the TCM utilization patterns and it's efficacy in breast cancer patients is unknown.Materials and methodsFrom a sample o...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractAimof this study is to determine the temporal resolution of therapy-induced pneumonitis, and to assess promoting factors in adjuvant treated patients with unilateral mammacarcinoma.Patients and methodsA  total of 100 post-surgery patients were recruited. The cohort was treated by 2 field radiotherapy (2FRT; breast and chest wall,N = 75), 3 field radiotherapy (3FRT; + supraclavicular lymphatic region,N = 8), or with 4 field radiotherapy (4FRT; + parasternal lymphatic region,N = 17). Ninety-one patients received various systemic treatments prior to irradiation. Foll...
Source: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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