Sarcopenia, Fall and Osteoporosis in Chronic Kidney Disease

Conditions:   Sarcopenia;   Chronic Kidney Diseases;   Osteoporosis Interventions:   Diagnostic Test: DXA;   Other: Muscle strength and function assessment;   Other: Blood samples Sponsors:   Herlev Hospital;   Odense University Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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AbstractSummaryPatients with chronic kidney disease have high risk of osteoporotic fractures. Lower trabecular bone score (TBS) was associated with poorer kidney function and higher fracture risk when kidney function was normal. Addition of TBS to The Fracture Risk Assessment Tool with bone mineral density did not improve fracture risk prediction.IntroductionWe sought to determine whether trabecular bone score (TBS) either independently or adjusted for The Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) could predict risk of major osteoporotic fractures (MOFs) in a large population-based sample of patients with all stages of chronic ...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractSince denosumab-associated hypocalcemia occurs infrequently, data on its incidence and risk factors are limited. We aimed to evaluate risk factors and develop a useful score for identifying individuals at risk of denosumab-associated hypocalcemia. In this retrospective cohort, 790 consecutive female patients who received 60  mg denosumab at least once between 2016 and 2017 were analyzed. Based on biochemical records from a large-scale single-center, mild and moderate hypocalcemia were defined as albumin-corrected calcium (cCa) levels 
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractAccumulating evidence has shown that patients with lifestyle diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are at increased risk of osteoporotic fracture. Fractures deteriorate quality of life, activities of daily living, and mortality as well as a lifestyle disease. Therefore, preventing fracture is an important issue for those patients. Although the mechanism of the lifestyle diseases-induced bone fragility is still unclear, not only bone mineral density (BMD) reduction but also bone quality deterioration are involved in it. Because fracture predictiv...
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Hospitalization or death was not influenced by the type of RO, Al accumulation, or TMV classification. An elevated prevalence of osteoporosis and Al accumulation was detected. PMID: 32756862 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the efficacy and renal safety of two different dosage regimens of a BP, alendronate (ALN), in stage 4 CKD using a rat model. Male, 10-week-old Sprague –Dawley rats were subjected to either 5/6 nephrectomy or sham surgery. The animals received subcutaneous administration of vehicle (daily) or ALN in LDHF dosage regimen (LDHF-ALN: 0.05 mg/kg/day) or HDLF dosage regimen (HDLF-ALN: 0.70 mg/kg/2 weeks). Medications commenced at 20 weeks of age an d continued for 10 weeks. Micro-computed tomography, histological analysis, infrared spectroscopic imaging, and serum and uri...
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
In conclusion, sitting for prolonged periods of time without interruption is unfavorably associated with DBP and HDL cholesterol. Exercise Slows Inappropriate Growth of Blood Vessels in a Mouse Model of Macular Degeneration Excessive growth of blood vessels beneath the retina is a proximate cause of blindness in conditions such as macular degeneration. Researchers here provide evidence for physical activity to be influential in the pace at which this process of tissue...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Primary hyperparathyroidism is associated with substantial morbidity, including osteoporosis, nephrolithiasis, and chronic kidney disease. Parathyroidectomy can prevent these sequelae but is poorly utilized in many practice settings.
Source: Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractSummaryBone disorder is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The clinical usefulness of bone mineral density (BMD) in CKD is not well known. Our study shows that low BMD is associated with physical activity and dietary Na/K intake ratio and can predict poor renal outcome in non-dialysis CKD.PurposeDespite evidence of a link between bone mineral disorders and chronic kidney disease (CKD), the clinical implications of bone mineral density (BMD) in CKD are not well established. We investigated risk factors and renal outcomes of low BMD in CKD.MethodsWe analyzed data from the KNOW-CKD. BMD measured by...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Timofte D, Dragoș D, Balcangiu-Stroescu AE, Tănăsescu MD, Gabriela Bălan D, Răducu L, Tulin A, Stiru O, Ionescu D Abstract Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Recent population based epidemiological studies demonstrated a correlation between reduced renal function and risk for all causes and cardiovascular mortality, 50% of patients dying before the commencement of renal replacement therapy. Vascular calcifications (VC) and arterial stiffness are major contributors to cardiovascular disease and are independent predictors of ca...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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