Is Excisional Biopsy Needed for Pure FEA Diagnosed on a Core Biopsy?

CONCLUSION: In our cohort, expectant management of FEA alone appears to be a safe option as our upstaging rate to DCIS or invasive cancer for FEA diagnosed on core biopsy was only 4%. Our study suggests that close follow-up is a safe and feasible option for pure FEA without a radiographic discordance found on core biopsy. PMID: 32816560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research

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Abstract Some patients treated for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast will experience cancer recurrences, whereas other patients will not. Unfortunately, current techniques cannot identify which pre-invasive lesions will lead to recurrent cancer. Because the mechanism of cancer recurrence is unknown, it is difficult to design a test that detects its activity. We propose that certain pentose phosphate pathway enzymes, glutathione synthesis enzymes, and RhoA cluster at the epithelial cell periphery during cancer recurrences. Enzyme clustering enhances metabolic flux. Using fluorescence microscopy we show ...
Source: Am J Physiol Cell Ph... - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Cell Physiol Source Type: research
Abstract For many individuals, the term 'cancer' equates to a disease that if untreated will progress, spread from the area initially affected and ultimately cause death. 'Breast cancer', however, is a diverse of range of pathological entities, incorporating indolent to fast-growing and aggressive lesions, with varying histological patterns, clinical presentations, treatment responses and outcomes. Screening for malignancy is based on the assumption that cancer has a gradual, orderly progression and that detecting lesions earlier in their natural history, and intervening, will reduce mortality. The natural history...
Source: The British Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Br J Radiol Source Type: research
Authors: Murali P, Johnson BP, Lu Z, Climer L, Scott DA, Foulquier F, Oprea-Ilies G, Lupashin V, Drake RR, Abbott KL Abstract The TMEM165 gene encodes for a multiple pass membrane protein localized in the Golgi that has been linked to congenital disorders of glycosylation. The TMEM165 protein is a putative ion transporter that regulates H+/Ca++/Mn++ homeostasis and pH in the Golgi. Previously, we identified TMEM165 as a potential biomarker for breast carcinoma in a glycoproteomic study using late stage invasive ductal carcinoma tissues with patient- matched adjacent normal tissues. The TMEM165 protein was not detec...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Abstract Breast and mammary epithelial cells experience different local environments during tissue development and tumorigenesis. Microenvironmental heterogeneity gives rise to distinct cell regulatory states whose identity and importance are just beginning to be appreciated. Cellular states diversify when clonal three-dimensional (3D) spheroids are cultured in basement membrane, and one such state is associated with stress tolerance and poor response to anticancer therapeutics. Here, we found that this state was jointly coordinated by the NRF2 and p53 pathways, which were costabilized by spontaneous oxidative str...
Source: Science Signaling - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Sci Signal Source Type: research
Breast and mammary epithelial cells experience different local environments during tissue development and tumorigenesis. Microenvironmental heterogeneity gives rise to distinct cell regulatory states whose identity and importance are just beginning to be appreciated. Cellular states diversify when clonal three-dimensional (3D) spheroids are cultured in basement membrane, and one such state is associated with stress tolerance and poor response to anticancer therapeutics. Here, we found that this state was jointly coordinated by the NRF2 and p53 pathways, which were costabilized by spontaneous oxidative stress within 3D cult...
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - Category: Science Authors: Tags: STKE Research Articles Source Type: news
Mittal Miller The mechanisms that drive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) progression to invasive cancer are not clear. Studying DCIS progression in humans is challenging and not ethical, thus necessitating the characterization of an animal model that faithfully resembles human disease. We have characterized a canine model of spontaneous mammary DCIS and invasive cancer that shares histologic, molecular, and diagnostic imaging characteristics with DCIS and invasive cancer in women. The purpose of the study was to identify markers and altered signaling pathways that lead to invasive cancer and shed light on early m...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of CTSV in DCIS. METHODS: CTSV protein expression was immunohistochemically assessed in a well-characterised and annotated cohort of DCIS comprising pure DCIS (n=776) and DCIS coexisting with IBC (n=239). CTSV expression was analysed in tumour cells and surrounding stroma, including its association with clinicopathological parameters and outcome. RESULTS: In pure DCIS, high CTSV expression was observed in 29% of epithelial tumour cells and 20% of surrounding stroma. High expression in both components was associated with features of poor prognosis inc...
Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Pathol Source Type: research
ConclusionThis demonstrates procoagulant phenotypic changes occur in fibroblasts at the preinvasive stage. Fibroblast procoagulant phenotype is associated with aggressive breast cancer subtypes and reduced survival. Coagulation may be a therapeutic target in breast cancer.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Biological markers that could predict the progression of ductal carcinoma in-situ (DCIS) to invasive breast cancer (IDC) are required urgently for personalized therapy for patients diagnosed with DCIS. As stroma was invaded by malignant cells, perturbed stromal-epithelial interactions would bring about tissue remodeling. With the specific expression of the fibroblast activation protein-alpha (FAP-a), Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the main cell populations in the remodeled tumor stroma. Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3), a documented oncogene possessing potent transforming capacity, is not only up-regulated in m...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Mucinous lesions of the breast encompass a range of benign and malignant entities characterized by extracellular mucin production. Increased sampling of mammary calcifications has identified a range of mucocele-like lesions, which are associated with benign proliferative and atypical intraductal epithelial proliferation ranging in architectural complexity from flat epithelial atypia to ductal carcinoma in situ. Mucinous carcinoma is a unique histologic subtype of breast cancer with a good prognosis.
Source: Diagnostic Histopathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Mini-symposium: Breast Pathology Source Type: research
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