The Utility of Platelet Indices in Predicting Multiorgan Dysfunction in Scrub Typhus.
The Utility of Platelet Indices in Predicting Multiorgan Dysfunction in Scrub Typhus. Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis. 2020;2020:3870354 Authors: Vijayakumar S, Viswanathan S, Jain D Abstract Platelet indices have been used to diagnose and prognosticate infections such as tuberculosis, malaria, dengue, and septic shock. Platelet indices have previously not been used in the prediction of multiorgan dysfunction (MODS) in patients with scrub typhus. A three-year retrospective review of patient charts was performed. Patients with and without MODS were compared. Platelet indices and other clinical and laboratory variables were used in logistic regression analysis to determine significant predictors. A ROC curve was generated with the platelet indices to predict MODS. Of 189 patients, 106 were male. Respiratory rate, serum creatinine, liver function tests, platelet count, thrombocytopenia 7.3 fL, and plateletcrit ≤0.19% varied significantly between patients with MODS and those without. Platelet indices are inexpensive and easily available. Only thrombocytopenia along with creatinine, alanine transaminase, and abnormal chest radiograph could significantly predict MODS in patients with scrub typhus. PMID: 32802052 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Genetics and GenomicsAuthor(s): Chengqi Wang, Justin Gibbons, Swamy R. Adapa, Jenna Oberstaller, Xiangyun Liao, Min Zhang, John H. Adams, Rays H.Y. Jiang
Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the crude extract of A. hispidum DC, one of the plants used traditionally to treat malaria, inhibits the growth of P. falciparum in vitro and could be a potential source of antimalarial drug. The report has highlighted genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of the selected plant extracts on human leukocytes as well. PMID: 33029160 [PubMed]
Background: Controversy exists regarding the need for proximal fibular epiphysiodesis in conjunction with proximal tibial epiphysiodesis to prevent relative overgrowth of the fibula. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of relative fibular overgrowth in patients who had undergone proximal tibial epiphysiodesis with or without proximal fibular epiphysiodesis to manage leg-length discrepancy. Methods: We identified patients who had undergone proximal tibial epiphysiodesis, with or without concomitant fibular epiphysiodesis, followed to skeletal maturity, and with adequate scanograms to measure tibial...
Conclusions: In this dual-center retrospective series, the single-incision triple innominate osteotomy was extremely effective for improving acetabular coverage and stabilizing unstable hips in a variety of underlying diagnoses with an acceptably low rate of complications. Level of Evidence: Level IV—case series.
Conclusions: The authors rejected their null hypothesis. Children do have the capacity to remodel radiographically measurable sagittal plane malunion of SCHFs. Children younger than 5 years of age can remodel 100% displacement of the center of the capitellum, whereas those over 8 years of age have minimal remodeling capacity.
Conclusions: Distal radius fractures have a large capacity to remodel in the pediatric population. This remodeling occurs in a predictable and reliable manner, even in the coronal plane. On the basis of this study, coronal angulation was shown to remodel at a rate of at least 2 degrees per month for the first 6 months following the injury, which should likely continue at a similar rate for the first year after the injury. Repeat manipulation is not indicated in skeletally immature patients where the maximum coronal angulation is
Conclusions: Intra-articular distal radius fractures in skeletally immature patients have a considerably higher rate of physeal growth arrest than extra-articular physeal fractures. Following acute management aimed at restoring and preserving anatomic physeal and articular alignment, follow-up radiographs should be obtained to evaluate for physeal arrest in skeletally immature children. Patients and families should be counseled regarding the high rate of growth disturbance and the potential need for deformity correction in the future, particularly in younger children. Level of Evidence: IV—case series.
Background: Chronic Monteggia lesions in children may cause pain, deformity, decreased range of motion, and neurological symptoms. Numerous surgical techniques have been advocated to reconstruct long-standing Monteggia injures in efforts to maximize long-term upper limb function. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the clinical and radiographic results of a modified surgical technique for missed Monteggia fracture-dislocations. Methods: A retrospective evaluation of 52 patients who underwent surgical reconstruction of missed Monteggia fracture-dislocations at a tertiary pediatric hospital was performed. Th...
Conclusions: In this multicenter series of 125 APSCDs no injuries to the great vessels/mediastinal structures requiring intervention were identified. Although more than half of patients had evidence of extrinsic vascular compression at the time of injury, careful open reduction of acute injuries can be safely performed. Although vascular injuries following APSCD seem to be quite rare, vascular complications can be catastrophic. Treating providers should consider these data and their own institutional resources to maximize patient safety during the treatment of APSCD. Level of Evidence: Level III—therapeutic case control study.
Conclusions: Heavier children have worse radiographic outcomes and higher complication rates with the use of FIN for femoral shaft fractures. Additional research is needed to determine the effect of FIN material on clinical outcomes in heavier children, and the relationship between weight and other known risk factors for poor outcome in FIN, such as length stability. Level of Evidence: Level III—systematic review of level-III studies.