Apatinib enhanced anti-PD-1 therapy for colon cancer in mice via promoting PD-L1 expression.
In this study, we found that an angiogenesis inhibitor apatinib enhanced anti-PD-1 therapy for colon cancer in mice via promoting PD-L1 expression. Apatinib treatment upregulated PD-L1 expression in various colon cancer cells both at the mRNA and protein levels. Further, apatinib-treated cancer cells hampered activation and IFN-γ secretion of T cells in the co-culture system, which was reversed by the anti-PD-1 antibody. Based on this, the combination of apatinib with anti-PD-1 on colon cancer growth in mice was examined. The combination treatment showed more significant inhibition on the growth of transplanted tumors in mice than single-drug treatment. Overall, our study here showed the enhancement of anti-PD-1 antitumor efficacy in a syngeneic mouse model (CT-26 cells in Balb/c) by the angiogenesis inhibitor apatinib via upregulating PD-L1 expression as well as angiogenesis inhibition, which may provide a rationale for the combination of apatinib and anti-PD-1 antibody for colorectal cancer treatment in the clinic. PMID: 32795895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]