The Current Evidence on Neoadjuvant Therapy for Locally Advanced Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

The Current Evidence on Neoadjuvant Therapy for Locally Advanced Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Aug 05;53(4):160-167 Authors: Oh D, Kim JH Abstract Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment for locally advanced esophageal cancer. Neoadjuvant therapy is recommended to improve survival, based on the results of several randomized trials and meta-analyses. However, controversy remains regarding how to combine surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Moreover, in East Asia, the predominant histological type is esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, which has a different epidemiology and tumor biology from esophageal or gastroesophageal junctional adenocarcinoma. As such, the management of esophageal cancer in East Asia seems to be different from that in Western countries. Thus, this article reviews the current evidence on neoadjuvant therapy and considers the optimal combinations and ongoing strategies of multimodal therapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. PMID: 32793446 [PubMed]
Source: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: A neoadjuvant treatment is clearly recommended for locally advanced esophageal cancer. Currently, chemoradiotherapy according to the CROSS protocol is preferred for squamous cell carcinoma. For adenocarcinoma both chemotherapy according to the FLOT protocol as well as chemoradiotherapy in a neoadjuvant treatment concept lead to an improvement in the prognosis. PMID: 32140748 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Chirurg - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Chirurg Source Type: research
Conclusions: Neoadjuvant radiation dose impacts pathological response in terms of pMR in oesophageal cancer patients. No radiation dose-response effect was observed for pCR. Further prospective trials are needed to investigate the dose-response relation in terms of pCR. PMID: 31432736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract Human evolutionary genetic divergence and distinctive environmental exposures have contributed to the development of clinicopathologic variations of esophageal cancer in Eastern and Western countries. Different treatment strategies have derived from the disparate regional experiences. Treatment strategy is more standardized in the West. Trimodality treatment with neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery is widely accepted as the standard treatment of locally advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Trimodality treatment has not been adopted in many Eastern countries...
Source: The Surgical Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research
Conclusions: In OSCC, very low preoperative NLR values have a negative prognostic impact on survival and recurrence, similarly to high ratios. ENE and perineural spread are the most important clinical-pathologic prognosticators. Introduction Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts for more than 95% of oral tumors and is the eighth most frequent cancer worldwide, with an estimated incidence of 640,000 new cases per year (1). Survival of OSCC has slightly improved over the last 30 years, probably as a consequence of multimodal treatment spreading. However, intensified therapeutic regimens can result in signific...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Joe Abdo1, Christopher S. Wichman2, Nicholas E. Dietz1,3, Pawel Ciborowski4, John Fleegel1, Sumeet K. Mittal1,5 and Devendra K. Agrawal1* 1Department of Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 2Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 3Department of Pathology, CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center, College of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 4Department of Pharmacology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 5Norton Thoracic Institute, St....
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Human evolutionary genetic divergence and distinctive environmental exposures have contributed to the development of clinicopathologic variations of esophageal cancer in Eastern and Western countries. Different treatment strategies have derived from the disparate regional experiences. Treatment strategy is more standardized in the West. Trimodality treatment with neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery is widely accepted as the standard treatment of locally advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Trimodality treatment has not been adopted in many Eastern countries, and standard tre...
Source: Surgical Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to compare outcomes in EC patients undergoing either regimen, followed by surgery.MethodsWe reviewed a prospectively collected database of EC patients undergoing esophagectomy after nCT or nCRT from 1989 to 2016. Choice of therapy was at the discretion of the multidisciplinary team. Disease-free survival (DFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were compared by the Kaplan-Meier log-rank test. Independent predictors of CSS were estimated by Cox regression analysis.ResultsAmong 700 EC patients 338 patients were treated with nCRT (n = 112) or nCT (n = 226) followed by surger...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
We report a 57-year-old Japanese male with esophageal carcinosarcoma with histopathological diversities. The patient complained of dysphagia. Endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal tract revealed a mass in the lower esophagus just above the esophagogastric junction. Pathological diagnosis of the biopsy was poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma/undifferentiated carcinoma. Preoperative chemotherapy was performed with poor response. Post-operative analyses revealed that the chest CT showed the appearance of mineralization after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Surgery revealed a mass in the lower esophagus invading the esop...
Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between intraoperative opioid consumption and survival in patients with adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. METHODS: Records of patients who had undergone esophageal cancer surgery between January 2000 and January 2017 were reviewed. Comparisons were made between patients who received high versus low intraoperative doses of opioids. Groups were divided using the recursive partitioning method. Multicovariate Cox proportional hazards models were fitted to evaluate the impact of intraoperative opioid use on recurrence-free survival (RFS)...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
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