Dysphagia and disability in minor strokes – An institutional study

Ischemic strokes can be mild and non-disabling in around two third patients at onset.1 This is one of the major reason for delay in seeking medical attention, non-administration of thrombolytic therapy, incomplete evaluation and non-urgent initiation of secondary preventive strategies. Risk of early recurrence of neurological events is around 12%, with roughly half of them occurring in the first 48  h of onset.2 These strokes are not always associated with excellent outcome with short term disability ranging between 19% and 35% across various studies.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Abstract Acute ischemic stroke is a neurological emergency with a high likelihood of morbidity, mortality, and long-term disability. Modern stroke care involves multidisciplinary management by neurologists, radiologists, neurosurgeons, and anesthesiologists. Current American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) guidelines recommend thrombolytic therapy with intravenous (IV) alteplase within the first 3-4.5 hours of initial stroke symptoms and endovascular mechanical thrombectomy within the first 16-24 hours depending on specific inclusion criteria. The anesthesia and critical care provider may b...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Thrombolytic therapy improves disability and survival rates; however, to be effective, it must be given within 4.5  h of onset. Moreover, thromboly...
Source: BMC Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Abstract Acute ischemic stroke is a neurological emergency with a high likelihood of morbidity, mortality, and long-term disability. Modern stroke care involves multidisciplinary management by neurologists, radiologists, neurosurgeons, and anesthesiologists. Current American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) guidelines recommend thrombolytic therapy with intravenous (IV) alteplase within the first 3-4.5 hours of initial stroke symptoms and endovascular mechanical thrombectomy within the first 16-24 hours depending on specific inclusion criteria. The anesthesia and critical care provider may b...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this article is to review the current approaches using neuroimaging techniques to expand eligibility for intravenous thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke patients with stroke of unknown symptom onset.Recent FindingsIn recent years, several randomized, placebo-controlled trials have shown neuroimaging-guided approaches to be feasible in determining eligibility for alteplase beyond 4.5  h from last known well, and efficacious for reducing disability. DWI-FLAIR mismatch on MRI is an effective tool to identify stroke lesions less than 4.5 h in onset in patients with st...
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the 3-month outcome of patients who underwent thrombolytic therapy following ischemic stroke. Methods: In the present prospective cohort study, the 3-month outcome of patients (mortality, disability) with acute ischemic stroke admitted to neurology department an educational hospital, Kermanshah, Iran, from 2016 to 2019, who had received thrombolytic therapy was assessed. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Modified Rankin Score (MRS) were used for measuring the degree of disability (on admission, at the time of discharge and 3 months after thrombolytic therapy). Result...
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31581363 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Biomed Mater Res A Source Type: research
Authors: Medeiros CSP, Pacheco TBF, Cavalcanti FADC, Cacho RO, Bezerra AMDS Abstract Primary Objective: To compare the level of motor, sensory and functional impairment of individuals hospitalized in a stroke unit in Brazil at the time of admission and the profile observed at hospital discharge. Design: Observational and longitudinal outcome study. Methods and Procedure: We assessed 41 patients with ischemic stroke at admission and hospital discharge by using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Fugl-Meyer Physical Performance Scale (FM), Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Modified Rankin S...
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Abstract Background and Objectives: Ischaemic stroke (IS) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. All stages of cerebral ischaemia, but especially acute phase, are associated with inflammatory response. Recent studies showed that neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) may be used to assess inflammation in IS. To test whether there is a relationship between these parameters and type of stroke treatment, we analysed NLR and LMR in IS patients treated with three different modalities. Materials and Methods: The study included 58 adults with acute IS. A total of 28 p...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Natan M Bornstein, Jeffrey L Saver, Hans Christoph Diener, Philip B Gorelick, Ashfaq Shuaib, Yoram Solberg, Lisa Thackeray, Milan Savic, Tamar Janelidze, Natia Zarqua, David Yarnitsky, Carlos A Molina, Ashfaq Shuaib, Michael Hill, Daniel Vaclavik, David Skoloudik, Jan Fiksa, Grethe Andersen, Pekka Jakala, Turgut TatlisumakSummaryBackgroundSphenopalatine ganglion stimulation increased cerebral collateral blood flow, stabilised the blood–brain barrier, and reduced infarct size, in preclinical models of acute ischaemic stroke, and showed potentia...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Pre-hospital triage algorithms for AIS patients that only take into account the nearest CSC and the nearest PSC as transport destinations may be unable to identify the optimal transport destination for a significant proportion of patients. Introduction Background International guidelines recommend early administration of intravenous thrombolysis for eligible patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS); in addition, patients with proximal large vessel occlusion (LVO) should receive mechanical thrombectomy (MT) as quickly as possible (1). As the clinical benefit of both thrombolysis (2–4) and MT (5&nda...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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