Marked Disparity in Regional and Transmural Cardiac Mechanics in the Athlete’s Heart

This study comprehensively characterized regional and transmural myocardial tissue deformation (strain) in recreationally active (RA) and endurance-trained (ET) men to determine if regional nonuniformity evolves alongside morphological adaptations associated with endurance training. Methods Echocardiography was used to measure LV and RV global, regional (apical, mid, basal) and transmural (endocardial, epicardial) longitudinal strain in 30 endurance-trained (ET) (age, 31 ± 2 yr; body mass index, 23.1 ± 0.5 kg·m−2; V˙O2peak, 60.2 ± 6.5 mL·kg−1·min−1) and 30 RA (age: 29 ± 2 yr; body mass index, 23.4 ± 0.4 kg·m−2; V˙O2peak: 42.6 ± 4.6 mL·kg−1·min−1). Nonuniformity was characterized using apex-to-base and transmural (endocardial-to-epicardial) strain gradients. Results Global longitudinal strain was similar in ET and RA in the left (−17.4% ± 0.4% vs −17.8% ± 0.5%, P = 0.662) and right ventricle (−25.8% ± 0.8% vs 26.4% ± 1.0%, P = 0.717). The apex-to-base strain gradient was greater in ET than RA in the left (−6.5% ± 0.7% vs −2.7% ± 0.8%, P = 0.001) and right ventricle (−9.6% ± 1.8% vs −3.0% ± 1.6%, P = 0.010). The LV transmural strain gradient was greater than RV in both groups, but similar in ET and RA (−4.7% ± 0.2% vs −4.7% ± 0.2%...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research

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