Race, Social Status, and Depressive Symptoms: A Moderated Mediation Analysis of Chronic Low Back Pain Interference and Severity

The objective of this study was to assess whether self-identified race moderated the relationship between perceived social status and cLBP outcomes (pain interference and pain severity) and investigate whether race moderated the indirect relationship between perceived social status and pain outcomes via depressive symptoms. Methods: Fifty-seven blacks and 48 whites with cLBP were recruited as part of a large ongoing study. Depressive symptoms, objective and subjective measures of socioeconomic status, and pain outcomes were measured. Hayes’ moderated mediation model was used to estimate conditional direct and indirect relationship between these variables. Result: On average black participants reported significantly more pain interference (4.12 [SD=2.65] vs. 2.95 [SD=2.13]) and severity (5.57 [SD=2.27] vs. 3.99 [SD=1.99]) than white participants, (P
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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Abstract Chronic low back pain is the second leading cause of disability in the United States, and it is often associated with severe fatigue. However, little is known about individual differences that may be related to poorer mental health and pain among individuals with severe fatigue and chronic low back pain. The aim of the current investigation was to explore the role of fatigue severity and fatigue sensitivity in terms of anxiety and depressive symptoms, pain catastrophizing, pain interference, and pain severity among 783 adults with severe fatigue and chronic low back pain. Results suggest that fatigue seve...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
ConclusionConclusion: CFT did not improve the majority of the hypothesized mediators (stress, fear of physical activity, coping, depression, anxiety and sleep) and these mediators were not associated with either disability or pain. Unfortunately, the proportion of missing data in this study is substantial and these findings can only be considered hypothesis ‐generating. Therefore, future research should examine replicating the results of this study to verify the role of self‐efficacy and other proposed mediators (e.g. stress, coping, sleep, fear) on clinical outcomes.Significance An exploration of seven potential med...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Findings from this study characterize factors potentially contributory to the development of chronic LBP over time. Those participants who developed chronic LBP had higher pain catastrophizing scores averaged across all time points in this study, suggesting it could be an interesting factor to target to improve LBP chronicity.
Source: Orthopaedic Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In this study, causal mediation analysis was used to determine whether the effect of CFT on disability and the lack of effect on pain (relative to a group exercise and educati on intervention) is mediated by certain psychological and lifestyle factors. Hypothesised mediators measured were pain self‐efficacy, stress, fear of physical activity, coping, depression, anxiety, and sleep, at 6 months. The outcomes measured were functional disability and pain intensity at 12 mo nths. This causal mediation study shows that the majority of benefit of CFT (relative to a group exercise and education intervention) for disability is d...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusion: Insomnia was associated with disability in men, whereas aging and pain severity were associated with disability in women. Catastrophic thinking was not associated with disability in both sexes. PMID: 32454923 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Discussion: The 2-factor model of the 3*I “family members” subscale identified in the current study reflects previous findings and extends the psychometric validity of the 3*I to a US multiethnic sample of individuals with CLBP.
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
What we call a disease matters. It matters to the person because a diagnosis is a marker: this problem is known, it’s recognised, it’s real (Mengshoel, Sim, Ahlsen &Madden, 2017). It matters to the clinician, particularly medical practitioners, but also those clinicians working within a largely “disease-oriented” framework (for example, physiotherapists, osteopaths) (Haskins, Osmotherly, Rivett, 2015; Kennedy, 2017). It matters also to insurance companies, or funding providers – who is in, and who is out. The diagnostic label itself hides a great many assumptions. The ways in which diag...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Assessment Chronic pain Clinical reasoning Coping strategies Pain conditions Professional topics Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Significant positive temporal associations exist between initial severity and 3-month progression of depressive symptoms and 3-month pain intensity and disability outcomes for ED patients with low back pain. Future work is needed to investigate whether behavioral interventions initiated from the ED may mitigate the incidence and severity LBP-related chronic pain and functional impairments. PMID: 32153095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
Conclusion. Our findings support that the electronic version of the RMDQ, TSK, CES-D, and BPAQ can be administered in clinical and research settings for assessment of patients with chronic LBP. Nevertheless, electronic version of the NRS for assessment of pain intensity should not be used interchangeably in clinical practice in patients with chronic LBP. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conclusions: Healthcare providers now have information to advise clients with health conditions on the effectiveness of Tai Chi for overall health promotion.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONTai Chi is a form of safe, enjoyable, light-to-moderate aerobic physical activity for adults that is inexpensive to implement in diverse community settings.Adults with health conditions require physical activity for prevention of secondary impairments and over-all health promotion.This scoping review of meta-analyses elucidates "high" and "moderate" quality evidence of the effectiveness of Tai Chi in improving importan...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
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