Roles for Pharmacists in the "Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America" Initiative.

The objective of this report is to discuss potential roles that pharmacists and pharmacies can play under the key strategies of EHE. PMID: 32780671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

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Authors: Thien F, Davies JM, Hew M, Douglass JA, O'Hehir RE Abstract INTRODUCTION: Epidemic thunderstorm asthma (ETSA) is due to a complex interaction of environmental and individual susceptibility factors, with outbreaks reported globally over the last four decades. Australia has been particularly susceptible with nearly half of episodes reported internationally, culminating in the catastrophic Melbourne 2016 event. AREAS COVERED: This narrative review focuses on primary research articles on thunderstorm asthma published since 2017 and relevant historical studies. Reported ETSA episodes are reviewed for common...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Immunol Source Type: research
We are interested in an article published in the journal recently, entitled "The potential impact of COVID-19-related disruption on tuberculosis burden". The study used a mathematical model to estimate the relative impact of reductions in social contacts and health services on tuberculosis (TB) burden due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. There included data and projections on China, being one of 22 high TB burden countries for both TB and multidrug-resistant TB cases. COVID-19, which has spread rapidly and enveloped most of the world, is a unique global public health crisis for the century. By...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Correspondence Source Type: research
[spotlight] In August, almost half of the most commonly used medications to treat mental illness in South Africa were out of stock, and many have been in short supply since March. Now, experts warn that amid the COVID-19 outbreak, the nation could see a "shadow epidemic" of psychiatric illness and it could prove deadly for patients.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
The rapid growth of 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan, China, at the early December 2019. COVID-19 spread all over the word just a few months. The outbreak of COVID-19 infection poses major t...
Source: Infectious Agents and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIn December 2019, outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infected pneumonia patients were discovered in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. With the spread of the epidemic, new cases have been found in other regions of China and abroad. This review summarizes the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transmission pathways, high-risk factors, diagnostic points, pathogenesis, and therapeutic drugs to provide the prevention and treatment theories for COVID-19.Recent FindingsCOVID-19 is highly contagious and is transmitted mainly through the respiratory tract. Mo...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Michael F. CannonNurses have been on the front line of the COVID-19 pandemic as they have been for every public health crisis from the Spanish influenza to the AIDS epidemic. Yet state governments have made it harder for nurses to help victims of this and other diseases.In 2004, California enacted a law that restricts the ability of hospitals to assign nurses to where patients need them, which increases the cost of care. In that year, California became the first state to mandate inpatient facilities adhere to predeterminednurse ‐​to‐​patient ratios. The law restricts the number of patients each nurse can ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
This study proposes a heuristic mechanism by using an unsupervised learning technique to efficiently detect disease incidents and outbreaks from the tweet content. We categorised the types of emotions that are highly linked to a specific disease and its related terminologies. Emotions (anger, fear, sadness, and joy) and diabetes-related terminologies were extracted using the NRC Affect Intensity Lexicon and part-of-speech tagging tool. A two-cluster solution was established and validated. The classification results showed that K-means clustering with two centroids had the highest classification accuracy (96.53%). The relat...
Source: Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
In this study, we utilize a mathematical model motivated by aspects of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) natural history to investigate how evolutionary changes in survival may influence several aspects of disease dynamics at the epidemiological scale. Across virulence–survival relationships (where these traits are either positively or negatively correlated), we found that small changes (5% above and below the nominal value) in survival can have a meaningful effect on certain outbreak features, including R0, and on the size of the infectious peak in the population. These results highlig...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
epo E Abstract Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) pose a significant threat to global public health. The most important mechanism for carbapenem resistance is the production of carbapenemases. Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) represents one of the main carbapenemases worldwide. Complex mechanisms of bla KPC dissemination have been reported in Colombia, a country with high endemicity of carbapenem resistance. Here, we characterized the dynamics of dissemination of bla KPC gene among CRE infecting and colonizing patients in three hospitals localized in a highly endemic area of Colombia (2013 and 20...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
by Tyler M. Sharp, Talia M. Quandelacy, Laura E. Adams, Jomil Torres Aponte, Matthew J. Lozier, Kyle Ryff, Mitchelle Flores, Aidsa Rivera, Gilberto A. Santiago, Jorge L. Mu ñoz-Jordán, Luisa I. Alvarado, Vanessa Rivera-Amill, Myriam Garcia-Negrón, Stephen H. Waterman, Gabriela Paz-Bailey, Michael A. Johansson, Brenda Rivera-Garcia BackgroundAfter Zika virus (ZIKV) emerged in the Americas, laboratory-based surveillance for arboviral diseases in Puerto Rico was adapted to include ZIKV disease. Methods and findingsSuspected cases of arboviral disease reported to Puerto Rico Department of Health were teste...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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