Influence of gender norms in relation to child ’s quality of care: follow-up of families of children with SCD identified through NBS in Tanzania

AbstractIntroducing newborn screening (NBS) services for sickle cell disease (SCD) in Africa has been proven to be one of the most cost-effective approach to reducing morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. In view of this evidence, efforts have been made by countries in Africa where SCD prevalence is high to pilot NBS programmes and to strengthen comprehensive care services for SCD. While it is important to reap the benefits of NBS for SCD in Africa in terms of overall quantitative measures, it is also important to understand how certain social and cultural conditions may disproportionately influence the outcomes of screening for some groups. The aim of this study was to analyse the role of gender norms before and after NBS for SCD in Tanzania, and to assess how they influence the quality of care of diagnosed children. Using qualitative methods, we did in-depth interviews with families of children with SCD identified through the NBS services and focus group sessions with nurses working in neonatal and postnatal sections of regional referral hospitals in Dar es Salaam. By analysing the experiences of both the families and nurses, we were able to provide evidence on, firstly, the gendered relations that undergird childcare and, secondly, how those relations influence the quality of care the child may potentially receive. The results emphasize the importance of studying the social implications of SCD in Africa, especially with regard to improving the quality of ...
Source: Journal of Community Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Our findings confirm the inhibitory effects of TSP-1 on ADAMTS-13 activity in adult SCD patients. The negative correlation reported between TSP-1 and ADAMTS-13/vWF antigen ratio in pediatric subjects suggests a possible protective mechanism in younger individuals, although this is not related to the presence of SCD. This work emphasizes the impact of age on interpreting results related to the regulation of vWF expression and interaction with TSP-1 and ADAMTS-13 in SCD.Acta Haematol
Source: Acta Haematologica - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Authors: Ribeiro-Filho J, Yahouédéhou SCMA, Pitanga TN, Santana SS, Adorno EV, Barbosa CG, Ferreira JRD, Pina ETG, Dos Santos Neres JS, Leite IPR, Lyra IM, Goncalves MS Abstract INTRODUCTION: Ticagrelor is an antiplatelet agent approved for the treatment of patients with an acute coronary syndrome or a history of myocardial infarction. Considering the evidence demonstrating that ticagrelor-mediated inhibition of platelet activation and aggregation have beneficial effects in the treatment of thrombotic conditions, clinical studies have been conducted to evaluate the use of this drug for the treatment o...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
[Monitor] Stakeholders in the fight against Sickle Cell Disease have launched a campaign to raise funds for the establishment of a digital registry of all persons living with Sickle Cell Disease.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Our findings confirm that thrombotic events related to EXT are rare in pediatric patients, which can inform the use of empiric anti-platelet therapy. PMID: 32979018 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: J Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: to know the family management experience of children with sickle cell disease in the light of the Family Management Style Framework. METHODS: a qualitative case study carried out between September/2015 and July/2016 with 12 members of eight families registered in a blood center in Minas Gerais. The semi-structured interviews were recorded, and the data were analyzed and interpreted by the hybrid model thematic analysis. RESULTS: three management styles were identified: five families in the accommodating style; two families in the struggling style; and only one family in the enduring s...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
This article reviews the current practice guidelines for SCD, with attention to health maintenance and hydroxyurea.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants - Category: Primary Care Tags: CME: Primary Care Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: While Niprisan® appeared to be safe and effective in reducing severe painful crises over a six-month follow-up period, further trials are required to assess its role in managing people with SCD and the results of its multicentre trials are awaited. Currently, no conclusions can be made regarding the efficacy of Ciklavit® and the powdered root extract of Pfaffia paniculata in managing SCD. Based on the published results for Niprisan® and in view of the limitations in data collection and analysis of the three trials, phytomedicines may have a potential beneficial effect in reducing painful crises in ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: PheWAS is a viable tool for calculating risk associated with any biomarker. The current analysis provide a new approach to generating hypotheses and understanding the breadth of health disparities. Future analyses will further explore causality, risk factors, and potential confounders not accounted for here. PMID: 32958289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
This article focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on child health in sub-Saharan Africa. We review the epidemiology of major pediatric diseases and, referencing modeling projections, discuss the short- and long-term impact of the pandemic on major disease control. We deliberate on potential complications of SARS-CoV-2 co-infections/co-morbidities and identify critical social and ethical issues. Furthermore, we highlight the paucity of COVID-19 data and clinical trials in this region and the lack of child participants in ongoing studies. Lastly, approaches and interventions to mitigate the pandemic's impact on chi...
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
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