Antimicrobial resistance genes in bacteria from animal-based foods.
Antimicrobial resistance genes in bacteria from animal-based foods. Adv Appl Microbiol. 2020;112:143-183 Authors: de Alcântara Rodrigues I, Ferrari RG, Panzenhagen PHN, Mano SB, Conte-Junior CA Abstract Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide public health threat. Farm animals are important sources of bacteria containing antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs). Although the use of antimicrobials in aquaculture and livestock has been reduced in several countries, these compounds are still routinely applied in animal production, and contribute to ARGs emergence and spread among bacteria. ARGs are transmitted to humans mainly through the consumption of products of animal origin (PAO). Bacteria can present intrinsic resistance, and once antimicrobials are administered, this resistance may be selected and multiply. The exchange of genetic material is another mechanism used by bacteria to acquire resistance. Some of the main ARGs found in bacteria present in PAO are the bla, mcr-1, cfr and tet genes, which are directly associated to antibiotic resistance in the human clinic. PMID: 32762867 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 25 September 2020Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Woo Kyung Jung, Sook Shin, Young Kyung Park, Seong Mi Noh, Se Ra Shin, Han Sang Yoo, Se Chang Park, Yong Ho Park, Kun Taek Park
Publication date: December 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 23Author(s): Huanhuan Qi, Xin Li, Yuancheng Chen, Xueyuan Zhang, Meng Yang, Cancan Li, Hao Feng, Jing Zhang, Chunlei Li
Conclusions: Six recommendations emerged with a view to largely containing AMR in N. gonorrhoeae: i) increase awareness of safe sexual and reproductive health; ii) rethink how to deliver key messages with an equity approach; iii) improve information, prescription, and drug chain systems; iv) form coalitions to improve response and share objectives with the private sector; v) improve the availability and disaggregation of data; and vi) support research on inequalities in AMR. PMID: 32973901 [PubMed]
This report aims to describe the antimicrobial resistance profile of A. baumannii at a tertiary hospital in Honduras. The cross-sectional analysis was conducted at the tertiary care laboratory hospital in San Pedro Sula in 2015 - 2017. A total of 113 consecutive microbiological reports were analyzed, comprising 100 individuals from whom A. baumannii was isolated. Epidemiological and microbiological data, including the isolation setting and patient information, were recorded. Prevalence of multi-drug and extensive-drug resistance was assessed according to international standards. The median age of individuals was 22 years (...
This report draws attention to molecules, rather than antibiotics, that are commonly used in agrochemicals and may be involved in developing AMR in non-clinical environments, such as soil. This report examines pesticides as mediators for the appearance of AMR, and as a route for antibiotic resistance genes and antimicrobial resistant bacteria to the anthropic environment. Available evidence suggests that the natural environment may be a key dissemination route for antibiotic-resistant genes. Understanding the interrelationship of soil, water, and pesticides is fundamental to raising awareness of the need for environmental ...
Conclusions: The LA-EQAS is an excellent tool for continuous quality improvement in the diagnosis of infections due to multiresistant microorganisms in NRLs in Latin America. PMID: 32973896 [PubMed]
Conclusion: Antimicrobial resistance levels are high among hospitalized patients in Dominican Republic and may cause enhanced risk factors that impact clinical outcomes. Urgent measures are needed to address antimicrobial resistance in DR. PMID: 32973895 [PubMed]
Conclusion: Most of the strategies identified were effective for antimicrobial stewardship in hospital settings. The reliability of results may be strengthened with the performance of additional research of higher methodological quality. PMID: 32973894 [PubMed]
Authors: Allel K, García P, Labarca J, Munita JM, Rendic M, Grupo Colaborativo de Resistencia Bacteriana, Undurraga EA Abstract Objective: To identify socioeconomic factors associated with antimicrobial resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli in Chilean hospitals (2008-2017). Methods: We reviewed the scientific literature on socioeconomic factors associated with the emergence and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance. Using multivariate regression, we tested findings from the literature drawing from a longitudinal dataset on antimicrobial resistance from 41 m...