Increased Neurofilament Light Chain and YKL-40 CSF Levels in One Japanese IBMPFD Patient With VCP R155C Mutation: A Clinical Case Report With CSF Biomarker Analyses

Inclusion body myopathy (IBM) with Paget's disease of bone (PDB) and frontotemporal dementia (IBMPFD) presents with multiple symptoms and an unknown etiology. Valosin-containing protein (VCP) has been identified as the main causative gene of IBMPFD. However, no studies on neurofilament light chain (NFL) as a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) marker of axonal neurodegeneration or on YKL-40 as a CSF marker of glial neuroinflammation have been conducted in IBMPFD patients with VCP mutations. A 65-year-old man presented with progressive muscle atrophy and weakness of all limbs, non-fluent aphasia, and changes in personality and behavior. Cerebral MRI revealed bilateral frontal and temporal atrophy. 99mTc-HMDP bone scintigraphy and pelvic CT revealed remodeling changes and active osteoblastic accumulations in the right medial iliac bone. Muscle biopsy demonstrated multiple rimmed vacuoles in muscle cells with myogenic and neurogenic pathological alterations. After the patient was clinically diagnosed with IBMPFD, DNA analysis of the VCP gene revealed a cytosine (C) to thymine (T) (C→ T) mutation, resulting in an amino acid exchange of arginine to cysteine (p.R155C mutation). The CSF levels of NFL at two time points (12 years apart) were higher than those in non-dementia controls (CTR) and Alzheimer's disease (AD); lower than those in frontotemporal dementia with motor neuron disease (FTD-MND); and comparable to those in patients with behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD)...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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