Clinical heterogeneity in patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Clinical heterogeneity in patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 Aug 04;: Authors: Anastasopoulos NT, Lianos GD, Tatsi V, Karampa A, Goussia A, Glantzounis GK Abstract INTRODUCTION: The indisputable increase in non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) prevalence, has consequently led to an increase in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) and liver-related mortality worldwide. Twenty-five percent of the general population present with various degrees of steatosis and most of them are unaware of their disease until its progression to advanced stages The characteristics of patients with HCC, secondary to NAFLD, are older age, large tumours due to late diagnosis, often without cirrhosis and high prevalence of the metabolic syndrome components, leading to an increased mortality rate. Although the mechanisms of disease remain partially obscure, insulin resistance, oxidative stress, apoptosis, iron overload and excessive local and systemic inflammation are identified as culprits for hepatocarcinogenesis in the presence of NAFLD. AREA COVERED: In this review, the authors report that there are no uniform guidelines for surveillance and early diagnosis in this patient group. Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging is generally applicable to HCC due to NAFLD and management depends on liver function, tumour characteristics and cardiovascular comorbidity. Evidence suggests that HCC due t...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research

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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Yanhua Liu, Yang Li, Shanshan Dong, Lu Han, Ruixin Guo, Yourong Fu, Shenghu Zhang, Jianqiu Chen
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Xiang Chen, Yihan Dai, Jin Fan, Xiaoyun Xu, Xinde Cao
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Anthony Beauvois, Delphine Vantelon, Jacques Jestin, Martine Bouhnik-Le Coz, Charlotte Catrouillet, Valérie Briois, Thomas Bizien, Mélanie Davranche
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings suggest that consumption of peanuts high in oleic acid (D7) may have the potential to delay primary fatty liver symptoms. PMID: 33033472 [PubMed]
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, long-term feeding of either HFHF or WDHC are reliable methods to induce NASH and diet-potentiated liver cancer in mice of both sexes; however, the choice of diet involves a trade-off between severity of metabolic syndrome and liver damage. PMID: 32924526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Am J Physiol Endocri... - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Ali Mahzari1, Songpei Li1, Xiu Zhou1,2, Dongli Li2, Sherouk Fouda1, Majid Alhomrani1, Wala Alzahrani1, Stephen R. Robinson1 and Ji-Ming Ye1,2* 1Lipid Biology and Metabolic Disease Laboratory, School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 2School of Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, China The present study investigated the effects of matrine on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in mice induced by a methionine choline-deficient (MCD) diet and the mechanism involved. The study was performed in C57B/6J mice fed a MCD diet for 6 weeks to induce NAS...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer in world and third largest cause of cancer-related deaths. The last few decades have witnessed the emergence of non-viral causes of HCC, the most important being non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD ranges from simple steatosis in the absence of excessive alcohol intake to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with or without cirrhosis. About 3-15 per cent of the obese patients with NASH progress to cirrhosis and about 4-27 per cent of NASH with cirrhosis patients transform to HCC. It is also known that HCC can develop de novo in pa...
Source: Indian J Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Indian J Med Res Source Type: research
Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third most frequent cause of cancer death worldwide, particularly in Asia and Africa. Most cases complicate an underlying liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B or C chronic virus infection or alcoholic abuse. But, following the current epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes, it appears that these diseases, associated in metabolic syndrome, are responsible for non alcoholic fatty liver disease at risk of HCC frequently before the stage of cirrhosis. Recent hypotheses consider that in the near future, cancer deaths due to HCC will overpass in USA those due to breast or colorec...
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research
Conclusion: Thus, although epigenetic regulation of miR-122 expression was still unclear, the results in the present study indicated that silencing of miR-122 was an early event during hepatocarcinogenesis from NASH, and that miR-122 could be a novel molecular marker for evaluating the risk of HCC in patients with NASH.Citation Format: Hidetsugu Saito, Yoko Takaki, Azusa Takasugi, Shoji Yamada, Toshihide Muramatsu, Masaki Kimura, Kazuo Sugiyama, Hiromu Suzuki, Yae Kanai, Yoshimasa Saito. Decrease of microRNA-122 is a key event during hepatocarcinogenesis from non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of th...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Molecular and Cellular Biology Source Type: research
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