The Role of Community Hospital Pediatric Departments in Counter Measures for Measles Epidemics at Olympic Game Sites.

CONCLUSIONS: Measles outbreaks are possible in Japan as a result of visitors from abroad. Items to mitigate an outbreak were identified as maintenance of high vaccination rates, readily available information regarding the location of negative pressure hospital rooms, the status of measles development, and finally medical staffing issues. There is a continued risk of measles outbreaks occurring in infants and individuals who do not have a measles antibody titer. PMID: 32741907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nippon Medical School - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: J Nippon Med Sch Source Type: research

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In this study, we found two species, Milnesium pacificum sp. nov. and Milnesium tardigradum Doyère, 1840, from three southern islands and two cold regions in Japan, respectively. Milnesium pacificum sp. nov., having dorsal sculpturing, exhibits an early positive change in claw configuration. On the other hand, M. tardigradum s.s. from Japan has an early negative claw configuration change, as has been reported in a recent study on the neotype population of this species. We performed DNA barcoding for both species, which indicated that M. pacificum sp. nov. has a close affinity with an undescribed Milnesium species co...
Source: Zoological Science - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: Zoolog Sci Source Type: research
Abstract Having been reported in 1898 for the first time from Japanese waters, the lineid heteronemertean Lineus longifissus auct. is known to inhabit tidal flats under the influence of the warm Kuroshio Current along the coasts of Honshu and southwestward, characteristically with a uniformly raisin-colored to black body lacking a caudal cirrus. The taxonomic identity of the Japanese L. longifissus auct. has been questioned by specialists because of some obvious morphological differences between Lineus longifissus (Hubrecht, 1887) s.str. (now in Heteronemertes Chernyshev, 1995), originally described from the suban...
Source: Zoological Science - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: Zoolog Sci Source Type: research
Abstract Batoidea (rays and skates) is a monophyletic subgroup of elasmobranchs that diverged from the common ancestor with Selachii (sharks) about 270 Mya. A larger number of batoids can adapt to low-salinity environments, in contrast to sharks, which are mostly stenohaline marine species. Among osmoregulatory organs of elasmobranchs, the kidney is known to be dedicated to urea retention in ureosmotic cartilaginous fishes. However, we know little regarding urea reabsorbing mechanisms in the kidney of batoids. Here, we performed physiological and histological investigations on the nephrons in the red stingray (Hem...
Source: Zoological Science - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: Zoolog Sci Source Type: research
Abstract Condition-specific competition is a phenomenon by which inter-specific competitive dominance changes as a result of environment, and is an important factor determining species distribution. Congeneric charrs in Hokkaido, Japan, provide one of the best examples of condition-specific competition: Dolly Varden, Salvelinus malma, often dominate in cold streams (6-8°C), whereas white-spotted charr, Salvelinus leucomaenis, dominate in warmer streams (> 10°C). While past laboratory and field experiments have demonstrated the great advantage of white-spotted charr at higher water temperatures, the adva...
Source: Zoological Science - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: Zoolog Sci Source Type: research
Abstract The genetic diversity of the genus Ligidium in Hokkaido and Niigata, northern Japan, was investigated by analyzing the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) region in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The genetic diversity in Hokkaido was much lower than that in Niigata. Nine different operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were identified. Only a single OTU, most likely Ligidium japonicum, was found in Hokkaido, whereas all nine OTUs were found in Niigata. Using the mtDNA evolutionary rate determined for the marine invertebrate Haptosquilla pulchella (Miers, 1880), population expansion for OTU1 in Hokkaido was e...
Source: Zoological Science - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: Zoolog Sci Source Type: research
Abstract Sika deer (Cervus nippon) in Japan are classified into southern and northern groups. However, previous studies primarily relied on maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The paternally inherited Y-chromosome is useful for analyzing the contribution of males to the population genetic history of sika deer. In total, approximately 16 kb of partial sequences of four Y-chromosomal genes, Y-linked, sex-determining region Y, DEAD-box helicase 3 Y-linked, and Zinc finger protein Y-linked, were sequenced to investigate intraspecific variation. As a result, we identified nine intronic single nucleotide pol...
Source: Zoological Science - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: Zoolog Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Carbonell-Estrany X, Rodgers-Gray BS, Paes B Abstract INTRODUCTION: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes approximately 120,000 deaths annually in children
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Retinal circulation should be considered as a potential site for thromboembolic complications from COVID-19. PMID: 32976055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Neath Port Talbot, Torfaen and the Vale of Glamorgan face further measures; Le Monde reports32% of outbreaks in France found in schools or universitiesRegular ‘circuit breaker’ lockdowns ‘could help control Covid’Minister refuses to guarantee students will be home for ChristmasBoris Johnson faces revolt over forcing through Covid measuresAustralia: ‘We should not pretend everybody is suffering equally’See all our coronavirus coverage2.50pmBSTInMarseille,a coronavirus hotspot, the city ’s top flight football team has been given a government order to play behind closed doors. InGerma...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak France UK news Europe Infectious diseases Science World news Saudi Arabia Japan South Korea Australia news Source Type: news
Authors: Yan C, Hu Y, Qiu G, Gong X, Elda D Abstract Flexible bronchoscopy (FB), developed in the 1960s, is widely used in the clinical practice of pediatrics and has demonstrated fundamental value in clinical diagnoses and treatment. However, as an invasive procedure, the use of FB is limited due to concerns regarding the tolerance of the procedure and the possible complications in neonatal units. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the clinical safety and efficacy of flexible bronchoscopy (FB) in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Neonates (n=54) who received FB in the NICU of Shanghai Children's Hos...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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