The Sexual and Reproductive Health Burden Index: Development, Validity, and Community-Level Analyses of a Composite Spatial Measure
AbstractThe Sexual and Reproductive Health Burden Index (SRHBI) was developed to provide a composite spatial measure of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) indicators that can be widely adopted by urban public health departments for the planning of SRH services. The index was constructed using eight indicators: teen births, low birthweight, infant mortality, new HIV diagnoses, people living with HIV, and incidences of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis. Chicago Department of Public Health data (2014 –2017) were used to calculate index scores for Chicago community areas; scores were mapped to provide geovisualization and global Moran’sI was calculated to assess spatial autocorrelation. Cronbach ’s alpha was calculated to assess internal reliability of the SRHBI. Pearson correlations were conducted to assess concurrent validity and correlation with community-level factors. Linear regression was conducted to assess community-level predictors of the SRHBI. Application of the SRHBI in Chicag o demonstrates substantial variation in SRH burden across Chicago’s urban landscape with significant spatial autocorrelation of scores (I = .580,p = .001). Internal reliability of the measure was excellent withα = .937. The SRHBI was significantly correlated with other indicators of SRH including rate of prenatal care initiation in the first trimester, rate of preterm births, reported sexual assault incidence, cervical ca...
Publication date: Available online 28 September 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Anne Nielsen Moody, Karina Cox, Isobel Haigh, Yan Chen, Nisha Sharma
ConclusionCRC-OMD treatment represents a relevant part of the everyday clinical practice of the IR Italian centers with promising future prospects. Heterogeneity persists in clinical indications, requiring more robust evidence to set indications and to diffuse clinical applications.
Publication date: Available online 28 September 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Gareth. Wiltshire, Emma. Pullen, Frankie.F. Brown, Mike. Osborn, Sarah. Wexler, Mark. Beresford, Mark. Tooley, James.E. Turner
Publication date: Available online 28 September 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Lei Chen, Xuehui Wang, Changle Ji, Jiashu Hu, Lin Fang
Instead of adjuvant radiotherapy after prostatectomy, observation and early salvage radiotherapy offer equal outcomes with fewer side effects.Medscape Medical News
Conclusion: In this study, the total population of women suffering from different cervical lesions and malignancy was found to be infected with various HPV genotypes. High prevalence of HPV- 53 and HPV- 16 detected among participants with normal cytology can be considered as a tip-off development of cervical cancer among Iranian women. PMID: 32983939 [PubMed]
Conclusion: The results indicate the advantages of using CHS to produce blood-compatible GNPs with antioxidant, cytotoxic, and electrochemical properties. PMID: 32983937 [PubMed]
Publication date: October 2020Source: Pregnancy Hypertension, Volume 22Author(s): Yunha Noh, Seung-Ah Choe, Ju-Young Shin
Publication date: Available online 29 September 2020Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Nick Reed, Janos Balega, Tara Barwick, Lynn Buckley, Kevin Burton, Gemma Eminowicz, Jenny Forrest, Raji Ganesan, Rosie Harrand, Cathrine Holland, Tamara Howe, Thomas Ind, Rema Iyer, Sonali Kaushik, Robert Music, Azmat Sadozye, Smruta Shanbhag, Nadeem Siddiqui, Sheeba Syed, Natalie Percival
AbstractPurposeTo compare the obstetrical and detailed neonatal outcomes of primipara of advanced maternal age conceiving two sequential singleton pregnancies by IVF with those of primipara conceiving twins by IVF.MethodsA retrospective study of all primiparous women aged ≤ 38 years and conceived by IVF who delivered sequential singletons or delivered twins at a single tertiary university affiliated medical center between 2011 and 2019. We performed two main comparisons: 1. First vs. second singleton pregnancies. 2. Two singleton pregnancies vs. twin pregnanc ies.ResultsOverall, there were 63 women w...