Effect of Radiation Dose Rate on Circulatory Disease Mortality among Nuclear Workers: Reanalysis of Hanford Data

The excess relative risk (ERR) of mortality for circulatory disease among nuclear workers was reanalyzed by taking into consideration the annual dose as the dose rate using publicly available epidemiological data of the Hanford site dedicated to the cohort study of nuclear workers in the US, the UK, and Canada. Values of the dose rate (cut-points) were chosen at 2 mSv y−1 intervals from 2 to 40 mSv y−1, and risk estimates were made for 32,988 workers, considering the doses accumulated below and above each cut-point to have different effects. Similarly to that in the previous study for cancer by Sasaki et al., examinations of sensitivity analysis were also carried out for different risk models, lag periods, and impacts of adjusting the monitoring period to find the effect of the dose rate. As a result, emergence of a statistically significant difference between βL1, which is the ERR for the doses accumulated below the specified cut-point, and βH1, which is the ERR for that above the specified cut-point, was observed for cut-point of the dose rate of 4, 6, 34, 36, and 38 mSv y−1. While statistically negative values were estimated for βL1 (4 and 6 mSv y−1) and for βH1 (34, 36, and 38 mSv y−1), the overall relationship between the ERR and the cut-point of the dose rate was found to be similar to that obtained by the analysis of the mortality for all cancers excluding leukemia.
Source: Health Physics - Category: Radiology Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Li X, Song F, Sun H Abstract The long non-coding (lnc)RNA associated with poor prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (AWPPH) serves as an oncogene in several cancers, such as liver and bladder cancers, however, to the best of our knowledge, its function in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is unknown. The results of the present study revealed that the expression levels of lncRNA AWPPH and Rho-associated protein kinase 2 (ROCK2) were upregulated in the bone marrow of patients with pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia compared with healthy controls. Expression levels of lncRNA AWPPH and ROCK2 were...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
This study provides unique insights into the differences and similarities in the gene expression that underlies AML, the genes that are significantly differently expressed between risk subgroups, and provides new insights into the molecular pathways involved in AML pathogenesis.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ra De Luca In the last decade, Raman Spectroscopy (RS) was demonstrated to be a label-free, non-invasive and non-destructive optical spectroscopy allowing the improvement in diagnostic accuracy in cancer and analytical assessment for cell sensing. This review discusses how Raman spectra can lead to a deeper molecular understanding of the biochemical changes in cancer cells in comparison to non-cancer cells, analyzing two key examples, leukemia and breast cancer. The reported Raman results provide information on cancer progression and allow the identification, classification, and follow-up after chemotherapy treatments ...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Arnold Ganser Felicitas Thol Michael Heuser NUP98-NSD1-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a poor prognostic subgroup that is frequently diagnosed in pediatric cytogenetically normal AML. NUP98-NSD1-positive AML often carries additional mutations in genes including FLT3, NRAS, WT1, and MYC. The purpose of our study was to characterize the cooperative potential of the fusion and its associated Neuroblastoma rat sarcoma (NRAS) mutation. By constitutively expressing NUP98-NSD1 and NRASG12D in a syngeneic mouse model and using a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model from a NUP98-NSD1-positive AML patient, we evalu...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Huh SJ, Oh SY, Lee S, Lee JH, Kim SH, Pak MK, Kim HJ Abstract Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma is a type of low-grade B-cell lymphoma that can be classified as a mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Recently, second-generation or next-generation sequencing (NGS), which allows simultaneous sequencing of hundreds to billions of DNA strands, has been a focus of attention and is rapidly being adopted in various fields. In the present study, paraffin-embedded tissue samples of gastric MALT lymphoma (n=1) and small intestine MALT lymphoma (n=4) were selected, and DNA was extracted from the tissue...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe interpreted the incidence statistics of cancer for Fukushima residents between 2008 and 2015. Our results will provide fundamental statistics for subsequent researchers to assess the relationship between the disaster and cancer incidence among Fukushima residents in the long term. PMID: 32963211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research
idney Santos André Salim Khayat Paulo Pimentel de Assumpção Ney Pereira Carneiro dos Santos Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the leading cause of death from pediatric cancer worldwide. However, marked ethnic disparities are found in the treatment of childhood ALL with less effective results and higher mortality rates being obtained in populations with a high level of Native American ancestry. Genetic variations of the patient can affect resistance to ALL chemotherapy and potentially play an important role in this disparity. In the present study, we investigated the association of 16 gene...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionPotentially clinically relevant DDI effects with CYP3A4 inducers and moderate and strong inhibitors co-administered with ivosidenib were predicted. Considering the challenges of conducting clinical DDI studies in patients, this PBPK approach is valuable in ivosidenib DDI risk assessment and management.
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
i Izraeli Sarah Elitzur Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a serious complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy. The aim of this population-based study was to evaluate the rate, risk factors, and long-term sequelae of VTE in children treated for ALL. The cohort included 1191 children aged 1–19 years diagnosed with ALL between 2003–2018, prospectively enrolled in two consecutive protocols: ALL-IC BFM 2002 and AIEOP-BFM ALL 2009. VTEs occurred in 89 patients (7.5%). Long-term sequelae were uncommon. By univariate analysis, we identified four significant risk factors for VTEs: Severe hyp...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
. Douville Human T-lymphotrophic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) belong to the Deltaretrovirus genus. HTLV-1 is the etiologic agent of the highly aggressive and currently incurable cancer adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and a neurological disease HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM)/tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP). BLV causes neoplastic proliferation of B cells in cattle: enzootic bovine leucosis (EBL). Despite the severity of these conditions, infection by HTLV-1 and BLV appear in most cases clinically asymptomatic. These viruses can undergo latency in their hosts. The silencing of proviral gene exp...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
More News: Canada Health | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Epidemiology | Leukemia | Physics | Radiology | Statistics | Study