Effect of age on radiographic outcomes of patients aged 6–24 months with developmental dysplasia of the hip treated by closed reduction
This study aimed to investigate the effect of age on the rates of redislocation, avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head, and final radiographic outcomes in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) treated with closed reduction. A total of 308 hips (276 patients) with DDH treated with closed reduction were included and divided into three groups according to age (
Study Design. Two-year clinical and radiographic follow-up of a double-blind, multicenter, randomized, intra-patient controlled, non-inferiority trial comparing a bone graft substitute (AttraX® Putty) with autograft in instrumented posterolateral fusion (PLF) surgery. Objectives. The aim of this study was to compare PLF rates between 1 and 2 years of follow-up and between graft types, and to explore the role of bone grafting based on the location of the PLF mass. Summary of Background Data. There are indications that bony fusion proceeds over time, but it is unknown to what extent this can be related to bone gr...
Conclusion. Although groups showed no significant differences in clinical outcomes, cervical alignment worsened after surgery in the LAMP and PDF groups. Within the PDF group, lower CL was an independent risk factor for poor recovery. Therefore, the indications for PDF in DCM patients with preoperative kyphotic alignment should be carefully considered. Level of Evidence: 3
Abstract Objective Pulp revascularization is an effective treatment for immature necrotic teeth. Calcium hydroxide has been used in pulp revascularization as an intracanal medication due to its antimicrobial action and the non-exhibition of crown discoloration and cytotoxicity for stem cells from the apical papilla. Our study aimed to investigate the clinical success and quantitative radiographic changes of root development in immature traumatized teeth using calcium hydroxide plus 2% chlorhexidine gel as intracanal medication. Methodology In this retrospective study, 16 patients were treated with a standardized pulp revas...
CONCLUSION: For diagnosis of FBs, besides taking history from a patient, obtaining two-sided radiogram are of great importance. For non-radiolucent or deeply located FBs further clinical or radiological investigation must be considered to avoid complications. Although most of the FBs can be removed in the emergency department, depending upon the site of FB and age of the patient may require hospitalization and operation for its removal. PMID: 32967414 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: The lifetime attributable risk of cancer incidence and mortality due to radiation exposure is not trivial. Therefore efforts should be made to reduce patient doses while maintaining image quality. PMID: 32871427 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
In conclusion, upfront use of next-generation TKIs in patients with oncogene-driven NSCLC with symptomatic CNS metastases is associated with reasonable intracranial activity and represents a valuable treatment option. PMID: 32963526 [PubMed]
Conclusions: These pilot trial results continue to describe the results of current fixation implants, inform the challenges of improving outcomes in this fracture population, and may guide future vitamin D trials to improve healing outcomes in young fracture populations. Although the pilot trial was not adequately powered to detect treatment effects, publishing these results may facilitate future meta-analyses on this topic. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Conclusions: A single perioperative FIB for patients with hip fractures undergoing surgery may decrease opioid consumption and increase the likelihood that a patient is discharged home. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Summary: Level of Evidence: Prognostic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Fifty-eight percent of the total infections in Italy of COVID-19 were found in northern Italy, in particular, Lombardy. From February 21, 2020, to March 23, 2020, 20 patients with a fracture and a diagnosis of COVID-19 were hospitalized. Demographic data, COVID-19 symptoms, laboratory and radiographic examinations, and treatment methods were recorded. At 1-month follow-up, patients were assessed with the SF-36 score. This case series includes 20 patients (16 women and 4 men), with an average ...
Conclusion: The authors’ study has shown potential arterial and venous pathways for filler embolus to cause blindness or visual field defects, and is supported clinically by a review of the case literature of blindness following facial filler injection.