Routine Screening in a California Jail : Effect of Local Policy on Identification of Syphilis in a High-Incidence Area, 2016-2017.

CONCLUSIONS: The age-based syphilis screening policy adopted in this jail yielded high positivity, including newly identified syphilis infections among female adults of childbearing age. The targeted screening policy was formalized in the county-negotiated contract with the jail's private correctional health care company in 2018-a strategy that can be replicated. PMID: 32735188 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

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Conclusion Participants were thinking about sexual risk and using a variety of ways to prevent STI transmission, although most relied on HIV prevention strategies, possibly because they knew little about other STIs, and other STIs were perceived as curable, especially syphilis. Interventions promoting conversations about STI testing may be promising and will also reduce stigma as STI testing is normalized. Social and clinic interventions focused on creating psychologically safe spaces to disclose sexual identity and providing sexual orientation affirming health care may reduce STIs and improve sexual health for MSM.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
e J, Schuenemann VJ Abstract Syphilis is a globally re-emerging disease, which has marked European history with a devastating epidemic at the end of the 15th century. Together with non-venereal treponemal diseases, like bejel and yaws, which are found today in subtropical and tropical regions, it currently poses a substantial health threat worldwide. The origins and spread of treponemal diseases remain unresolved, including syphilis' potential introduction into Europe from the Americas. Here, we present the first genetic data from archaeological human remains reflecting a high diversity of Treponema pallidum in ea...
Source: Current Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Curr Biol Source Type: research
Conclusions Partner services for syphilis was an effective method of addressing the EHE strategies, resulting in persons at risk tested, STD treatment provided, behavioral prevention counseling provided, and new HIV cases identified, leading to retention in medical care and viral suppression.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Background The syphilis epidemic continues to cause substantial morbidity worldwide and is worsening despite ongoing control efforts. Syphilis remains an important public health problem among 3 key populations: men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender women, and female sex workers. Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients that received rapid point-of-care treponemal antibody tests from January 2019 to July 2019 in 4 sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in Lima, Peru. We assessed patient medical records for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, history of STIs, as well as sociod...
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are considered epidemics in the United States. Research on the association between STIs and HIV infectiousness and susceptibility has shown that STIs promote HIV acquisition and transmission via mucosal inflammation and ulceration caused by viral or bacterial pathogens. Some of the most common STIs associated with HIV are chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and herpes simplex virus type 2. STIs are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly if diagnosis or treatment is delayed. Prevention and treatment of both HIV and STIs is essentia...
Source: Nursing Clinics of North America - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
The syphilis epidemic continues to cause substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, despite several recent disease control initiatives. Though our understa...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
Conclusions The HIV counseling, testing, and peer education programs showed a negative association with HIV-positive status among Chongqing MSM. The HIV prevalence is still high. More programs must be implemented to effectively curb the HIV epidemic.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 382, Issue 24, Page 2379-2380, June 2020.
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: The changing epidemic of ocular disease in HIV-infected patients warrants close monitoring and identification of interventions that can help reduce the imminent burden of disease. PMID: 32396027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
COVID-19 has sickened millions, killed hundreds of thousands, and disrupted daily life for citizens around the world. Utterly devastating, COVID-19 is but the most recent pandemic to sweep the globe. Throughout history, surgeons like Guy de Chauliac, James Lind, John Hunter, John Snow, and Walter Reed have led scientific campaigns to understand, prevent, and treat epidemics like the bubonic plague, scurvy, syphilis, cholera, and yellow fever. We as a surgical community should herald their examples and re-focus our efforts to pioneer investigations into the coronavirus, helping elucidate the biology, understand its social e...
Source: American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
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