Direct oral anticoagulants in chronic kidney disease: an update
Purpose of review Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are variably eliminated by the kidneys rendering their use potentially problematic in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or necessitating appropriate dose adjustment. Recent findings Both observational and limited randomized trial data for DOACs compared with no treatment or with warfarin for patients with atrial fibrillation on maintenance dialysis were recently published. In a randomized trial in patients on hemodialysis, there was no significant difference in vascular calcification between patients who received rivaroxaban with or without vitamin K2 or vitamin K antagonists. A randomized trial of apixaban versus warfarin was terminated owing to poor enrollment and preliminary results identified no difference in clinical outcomes between groups. However, valuable pharmacodynamic data will be forthcoming from that trial. In observational research, among patients newly diagnosed with atrial fibrillation, there were opposing trends in the associations of apixaban initiation versus no oral anticoagulation with ischemic versus hemorrhagic stroke and no association was present with the overall risk of stroke or embolism. In another study comparing apixaban with warfarin initiation, apixaban was associated with less bleeding. Regular-dose apixaban (5 mg twice daily) associated with reduced rates of ischemic stroke or systemic embolism, whereas no such association was present for those prescribed the reduced dose (...
This study compared stroke characteristics and poststroke care and disability between these groups.Stroke
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Conclusions: Changing national guidelines with discard of contraindications for anticoagulation and the introduction of DOACs led to a broader recommendation of oral anticoagulation. However, both, new guidelines and DOACs, were not found to be associated with an increasing percentage of patients discharged from our hospital already on recommended anticoagulant prevention. This might be explained by the decreasing length of hospital stay during the study period and a missing evidence of early bleeding risk of DOACs in patients with acute brain infarction. Evidence-based data to close this therapeutic gap are needed.Cerebrovasc Dis
Conclusions: In our large cohort of CAS patients, coexistent UIAs are not uncommon. Stenting of a carotid artery in the presence of coexistent UIAs could be conducted safely. Together with 3-month dual antiplatelet therapy, CAS did not increase the rupture risk of the coexistent UIAs within 3 months.Cerebrovasc Dis
Date: Wednesday, 01 27, 2021; Speaker: Anastasios Pittas, M.D, Tufts Medical Center; 6100 Executive Boulevard; 3rd Floor Conference Room
Publication date: Available online 3 August 2020Source: Stem Cell ResearchAuthor(s): Glen Lester Sequiera, Cheryl Rockman-Greenberg, Sanjiv Dhingra
Publication date: Available online 4 August 2020Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Favaz Vellekkatt, Vikas Menon, Medha Rajappa, Jayaprakash Sahoo