Smoking Does Not Alter Treatment Effect of Intravenous Thrombolysis in Mild to Moderate Acute Ischemic Stroke —A Dutch String-of-Pearls Institute (PSI) Stroke Study

Conclusions: In patients with mild to moderate AIS admitted within 12 h of symptom onset, smoking did not modify treatment effect of thrombolysis.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Conclusion This is one of the few studies analyzing the association of recent cannabis use and AIS using admission urine toxicology test independent of polysubstance use. Although our study has limitations, we did not find an independent association between recent cannabis use and the incidence of AIS. Further studies using urine toxicology tests with larger sample size and including dosage of cannabis exposure should be conducted.
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Other toxicology Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, careful monitoring of patients in the early stages of CKD would result in lower morbidity and mortality. These objectives can be achieved by implementing screening programs and early interventions. PMID: 32509001 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the general population. In western countries with aging populations, atrial fibrillation poses a significant health concern, as it is associated with a high risk of thromboembolism, stroke, congestive heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Thrombi are generated in the left atrial appendage, and subsequent embolism into the cerebral circulation is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients have a lifetime risk of stroke, and those at high risk, defined as a CHA2DS2-VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75 years, diabetes mel...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
This study assesses the current practices of physicians in Lebanon routinely involved in ischemic stroke (IS) management. We conducted a prospective observational study of patients hospitalized at 8 different Lebanese hospitals in the period August 1, 2015 to July 31, 2016, with a diagnosis of acute stroke. Baseline characteristics and data on diagnostic studies, as well as treatments received during hospitalization and at discharge, were collected and analyzed. Two hundred and three strokes/transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) were recorded but only 173 patients (85%) with ischemic events were included in the study. The pati...
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study provides the first contemporary data on TIAMS or TIAMS-mimics in Australia. Community and health provider education is required to address the under-use of anticoagulation therapy in patients with known AF, possibly inappropriate use of antiplatelet therapy and possibly inappropriate discontinuation of antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we aim to quantify global cardiac microcalcification in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease as assessed by NaF uptake on PET/CT and correlate this uptake with CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores. We hypothesize that global cardiac microcalcification will correlate positively with CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores. Methods: We identified 40 patients at-risk of cardiovascular disease from the CAMONA trial (55±11.9 years, 22 females, 18 males). CHADS2 (0.75±0.19) and CHADS2-VASc (1.8±1.25) scores were calculated for each patient based on relevant clinical parameters pertaining to each scori...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Science (Poster Session) Source Type: research
Int J Angiol DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708477Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most prevalent arrhythmic disease, tends to foster thrombus formation due to hemodynamic disturbances, leading to severe disabling and even fatal thromboembolic diseases. Meanwhile, patients with AF may also present with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) requiring stenting, which creates a clinical dilemma considering that majority of such patients will likely receive oral anticoagulants (OACs) for stroke prevention and require additional double antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) to reduce recurrent cardiac events and in-stent th...
Source: International Journal of Angiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Invited Papers Source Type: research
ConclusionsFactor Xa inhibitors may be viable treatment options for CF-LVAD patients for whom warfarin therapy has failed. Large prospective studies are necessary to confirm these results.
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: When selecting the high-risk group of patients (with an NIHSS score> 12 and age> 64.5 years, or with an NIHSS score ≤ 12, age> 71.5 years, and triglyceride level ≤ 61.5 mg/dL) according to the CART model, the detection rate of paroxysmal AF was approximately double in the acute ischemic stroke patients without AF at baseline. PMID: 32324514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Neurovascular Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Neurovasc Res Source Type: research
Conclusion: Risk factors, aetiology, and precipitating factors of HF in de novo and ADCHF differ. De novo HF also had lower 1-year mortality and 3-month mortality compared to ADCHF. PMID: 32252602 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
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