Covid studies to examine virus link with ethnicity

The government is to plough millions into research into why ethnic minorities are at increased risk.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 31 July 2020Source: Forensic Science International: GeneticsAuthor(s): Victor G. Saragoni, Roberto Ch. Celis, Marisol Intriago, Angela A. Melillán-Sanzana, Patricio Reyes, Lourdes Prieto, Peter Gill
Source: Forensic Science International: Genetics - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: COVID-19 has caused unprecedented changes to orthopaedic training; however, residents remain on the front lines of inpatient care. Exposures to COVID-19 are prevalent and residents have fallen ill. Programs currently use a variety of strategies to provide essential orthopaedic care. We recommend continued prioritization of resident safety and necessary training accommodations. PMID: 32732660 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
We present our experiences in conducting multicenter investigations to provide insight into this demanding and rewarding frontier of research. PMID: 32732659 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Matson AP, Earp BE, Benavent KA, Geresy KM, Collins JE, Blazar PE Abstract INTRODUCTION: Insurance claim rejections represent a challenge for healthcare providers because of the potential for lost revenue and administrative costs of reworking claims. METHODS: The billing records of five hand and upper extremity surgeons at a tertiary academic center were queried for all patient billing activity over a 1-year period yielding a total of 14,421 unique patient encounters. RESULTS: A total of 11,839 unique patient encounters were included, and the overall claim rejection rate was 19.3%. Claim rejection ...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: ED utilization after outpatient hand surgery is low, with postoperative pain being the most common cause of an ED visit at all time points. Nearly 98% of patients presenting to the ED for postoperative pain are subsequently discharged home. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Retrospective Cohort. PMID: 32732657 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Catalano LW, Minhas SV, Kirby DJ Abstract Fractures of the carpus can be debilitating injuries and often lead to chronic pain and dysfunction when not properly treated. Although scaphoid fractures are more common, fractures of the other carpal bones account for nearly half of all injuries of the carpus. Often missed on initial presentation, a focused physical examination with imaging tailored to the suspected injury is needed to identify these fractures. In addition to plain radiographs, advanced imaging such as CT and MRI are helpful in diagnosis and management. Treatment of carpal fractures is based on t...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Gil JA, Hresko AM, Weiss AC Abstract Trigger finger (TF) is one of the most common causes of hand disability. Immobilization of TF with a joint-blocking orthosis has been demonstrated to effectively relieve pain and improve function. The efficacy of steroid injections for TF varies based on the number of affected digits and the clinical severity of the condition. Up to three repeat steroid injections are effective in most patients. When conservative interventions are unsuccessful, open surgical release of the A1 pulley effectively alleviates the subjective and objective manifestations of TF and currently r...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Sheean AJ, Kibler WB, Conway J, Bradley JP Abstract Posterior glenohumeral instability in overhead athletes presents a unique set of challenges for both diagnosis and treatment. Although a great deal of attention has been focused on the management of injuries to the biceps-labrum complex and rotator cuff in throwers, comparatively less has been written about posterior glenohumeral instability within this unique cohort. Historically, posterior instability has been observed secondary to either acute trauma or repetitive microtrauma, usually among collision athletes, weight lifters, and rowers. However, poste...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Strauss EJ, Kingery MT, Klein D, Manjunath AK Abstract Suprascapular neuropathy is a potential source of shoulder pain and functional limitation that can present secondary to various etiologies including entrapment or compression. Cystic lesions arising from a labral or capsular tear can compress the nerve along its course over the scapula. Nerve traction is theorized to arise from chronic overhead athletics or due to a retracted rotator cuff tear. The diagnosis of suprascapular neuropathy is based on a combination of a detailed history, a comprehensive physical examination, imaging, and electrodiagnostic ...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Waterman BR, Leroux T, Frank RM, Romeo AA Abstract Primary arthroscopic Bankart repair is a common procedure that is increasing in popularity; however, failure rates can approach up to 6% to 30%. Factors commonly attributed to failure include repeat trauma, poor or incomplete surgical technique, humeral and/or glenoid bone loss, hyperlaxity, or a failure to identify and address rare pathology such as a humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament lesion. A thorough clinical and radiographic assessment may provide insight into the etiology, which can assist the clinician in making treatment recommendations...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
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