Comparison of Serum Trefoil Factor-3 to Endoscopy in Diagnosing Helicobacter Pylori Associated Gastric Ulcer.
Comparison of Serum Trefoil Factor-3 to Endoscopy in Diagnosing Helicobacter Pylori Associated Gastric Ulcer. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2020 Jul 01;21(7):2149-2153 Authors: Ramadan RA, Zaki MA, Ooda SA, Abo Khalifa HM, Ragab WS Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Helicobacter pylori-associated gastric ulcer (H.pylori-GU) is a serious condition, not only because H.pylori is identified as a grade 1 carcinogen but also because GU is a precancerous condition. Identification and treatment of H.pylori-GU may prevent the sequential progression of dysplasia to carcinoma. Trefoil factor 3 (Tf3) has been implicated in gastric mucosal repair. We compared serum Tf3 to gastric endoscopy in diagnosing H.pylori-GU. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included eighty patients suffering from H.pylori induced gastritis, forty of which presented with GU. Gastric endoscopy with slide urease test was used to diagnose H.pylori-GU. Serum Tf3 level was determined using an enzyme immunoassay in all patients as well as thirty healthy volunteers. RESULTS: Serum Tf3 showed a significant stepwise decrease among the studied groups. It was significantly lower in patients compared to the control group (p
Conclusion: This article outlines the evaluation of a new program demonstrating that medical oncology practices can make improvements in the care of their underserved populations if provided with the proper tools, methods, and coaching. The use of formative evaluation methodology also identified opportunities for improvement and ultimately resulted in additional funding for more practices to participate in the program.
ConclusionsFollowing fetal myelomeningocele repair, brain volume, shape and SI were significantly different from normal in most cerebral layers. Morphological brain changes after fetal surgery are not limited to hindbrain herniation reversal. These findings may have neurocognitive outcome implications and require further evaluation.
Abstract: The foreign body reaction (FBR) is a well-documented immune reaction. Much of the literature on FBRs has focused on minimizing this immune response to mitigate the impact on medical implants. Here, we present a case that illustrates a serendipitous oncologic outcome from an FBR. A 54-year-old man presented with an aggressive basal cell carcinoma (BCC). At the first resection, he had broadly positive surgical margins. The surgical wound was temporized with a polyurethane wound vacuum assisted closure (VAC) device. He was lost to follow-up having retained a VAC sponge for a total of 12 weeks. A wide re-resectio...
Abstract: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a leading cause of cancer. Increasing HPV vaccination recommendations by primary care providers to patients decreases the burden of this viral infection. Providers need to be educated about this condition and the available options for immunization to feel confident in making strong recommendations and thereby increase HPV immunization rates.
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Authors: Sokolova O, Naumann M Abstract Over the last years, intensive investigations in molecular biology and cell physiology extended tremendously the knowledge about the association of inflammation and cancer. In frame of this paradigm, the human pathogen Helicobacter pylori triggers gastritis and gastric ulcer disease, and contributes to the development of gastric cancer. Mechanisms, by which the bacteria-induced inflammation in gastric mucosa leads to intestinal metaplasia and carcinoma, are represented in this review. An altered cell-signaling response and increased production of free radicals by epithelial a...
Abstract AimsMost gastric carcinomas develop in association with mucosal atrophy and hypochlorhydria, whereas benign peptic ulcers are acid‐related. Given that acid sterilizes gastric contents, we hypothesized that ulcerated gastric cancers may be associated with increased luminal microbes compared with peptic ulcers, and that this feature may represent a helpful diagnostic clue to the presence of malignancy. We performed this study to determine whether features of luminal debris, including microorganisms, from ulcerated gastric cancers were significantly different from those of debris associated with benign ulcers. Meth...
Conclusions Our findings collectively suggest that HHT has anti-inflammatory activity and antibacterial activity against H. pylori and could be an alternative to antibiotics for preventing H. pylori infection. Graphical abstract
Conclusions:H. pylori infection in southeastern region of Turkey with are comparable to those in developed countries.Patients withcagA- andvacA-positiveH. pylorihavea higher risk of severe inflammation and atrophy and should therefore be monitored for the development of gastric cancer.
In conclusion, the construction of such a system for recombinant CagA antigen expression may be a pilot study for the development of our own ELISA tests in Turkey, and also will help the clinicians for the prediction of disease outcome and decision of the appropriate antimicrobial treatment by the help of anti-CagA antibody detection. PMID: 25052106 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]