California is ahead of other states in cutting carbon emissions, report says
Households emit 33 percent less carbon than any other state. The per capita footprint in San Francisco is nearly three times lower than the national average.
Authors: Nyaga R Abstract The HIV/AIDS pandemic is compounded by the continued stigmatization of the virus/disease and of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Employing structuration theory, this study sought to examine the perceptions of Kenyans toward their government's efforts to curtail HIV/AIDS as well as their attitudes toward PLWHA. Data for this study were collected using an open-ended online survey. In total, 103 participants (25.3%) completed the survey. We used snowball sampling to select prospective participants known to the researcher; they were sent a link to the survey via email or direct message on ...
Conclusion: Medical students received HIV-prevention information as part of their curriculum but this was deemed not to be sufficient. This study suggests that tertiary education institutions should evaluate the effectiveness of strategies currently in place for the distribution and awareness of HIV-prevention measures and sexual health issues affecting students, using a student-centred approach. PMID: 32780679 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Nsibandze BS, Downing C, Poggenpoel M, Myburgh CP Abstract The HIV pandemic has immense effects on the Eswatini population. The burden of caregiving rests on women, typically grandmothers who are elderly and dealing with chronic diseases themselves. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the experiences of grandmothers in Eswatini caring for female adolescents living with HIV. The study draws on phenomenological fieldwork of six case studies of grandmother-granddaughter pairs who were purposively sampled. Data were collected through in-depth individual interviews that commenced with broad qu...
Authors: King R, Matovu JN, Rujumba J, Wavamunno P, Amone A, Gabagaya G, Fowler MG, Homsy J, Seeley J, Musoke P Abstract Since 2012, PMTCT Option B+ has been recommended by the World Health Organization to reduce vertical transmission but numerous adherence challenges remain. We conducted a qualitative study at baseline using six focus group discussions and 14 in-depth interviews to explore knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and challenges towards the Option B+ strategy for PMTCT among HIV-infected pregnant and post-partum women and health workers engaged in Uganda's national Option B+ PMTCT programme. Data were analyse...
Authors: Christian SN, Mantell JE, Romo ML, Grov C, George G, Mwai E, Nyaga E, Odhiambo JO, Govender K, Kelvin EA Abstract HIV prevalence among truckers in Africa is high and testing rates suboptimal. With numerous African countries having approved HIV self-testing kits, more information on how to design acceptable and accessible self-testing programs for high-risk populations is necessary. We explored views about self-testing via in-depth interviews with 24 truckers participating in a randomised controlled trial who refused HIV testing. A social-ecological lens was used to guide data analysis and frame study findi...
Publication date: September 2020Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 77Author(s): Gavin R. Stewart, Anne Corbett, Clive Ballard, Byron Creese, Dag Aarsland, Adam Hampshire, Rebecca A. Charlton, Francesca Happé
Publication date: September 2020Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 77Author(s): Sigridur Loa Jonsdottir, Evald Saemundsen, Sesselja Gudmundsdottir, Gyda S. Haraldsdottir, Aslaug Heida Palsdottir, Vilhjalmur Rafnsson
Publication date: September 2020Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 77Author(s): Takaharu Hirai, Noriyoshi Usui, Keiko Iwata, Taishi Miyachi, Kenji J. Tsuchiya, Min-Jue Xie, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Masatsugu Tsujii, Toshiro Sugiyama, Hideo Matsuzaki
Publication date: October 2020Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 78Author(s): Jane Meleady, Colette Clyne, Jessica Braham, Alan Carr
Publication date: October 2020Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 78Author(s): Jane Meleady, Finiki Nearchou, Jessica Bramham, Alan Carr
More News: Health