Metacognition, Mindfulness Attention Awareness, and Their Relationships with Depression and Anxiety

AbstractThe current study aimed to test how metacognition relates to the concept of mindfulness attention awareness (MAA), whether metacognitions or MAA best predict symptoms of depression and anxiety, and whether there are significant differences between depression and anxiety levels due to metacognitions and MAA. Data were collected from a public sample through e-mails and social media platforms. The results showed that there was a moderate correlation between MAA and three of the five metacognitive subscales. Both MAA (r = 0.66) and metacognition (r = 0.64) were significantly correlated with depression and anxiety severity scores. Subjects in the depressed group ( r=  0.74) and anxious group (r = -0.47) endorsed metacognitions significantly more, and endorse MAA significantly less than did the nondepressed or nonanxious groups. Additionally, the results of the two-way ANOVA test revealed statistically significant effects for the depression level due to metacognitions (F = 99.802, p=  0.000) and MAA (F = 66.874,p = 0.000) in favor of total scores, as well as for the negative beliefs about the worry, cognitive confidence, and need for control factors. Regarding the level of anxiety, the results revealed significant differences between the anxious and not anxious groups due to the total score of MAA, whil e there were no differences for the cognitive self-consciousn...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 31 July 2020Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Danielle E. Katz, Judith M. Laposa, Neil A. Rector
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings extend the literature on early response predicting outcome by showing that when clients experience more limited early symptom change, outcome depends considerably on the degree to which they are learning CBT skills. For clients with greater CBT skill improvements, a relatively positive treatment outcome is still common.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Forget everything you thought you knew about anxiety and perfectionism. Here’s an inside look at what actually works. We all feel the need to be accepted, to fit in, feel loved, and that we matter to someone or something.  As someone who struggles with anxiety myself, I understand how hard it is to combat the anxiety feedback loop. As a psychologist who has worked with this material for nearly a decade, I supposedly know all the tricks in the book. I have a tool kit 10 pages deep ready to go whenever I experience a bout of anxiety. Even still, I struggle to practice what I preach.  Moving beyond this feedba...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Anxiety Perfectionism Psychology Intrusive Thoughts Self Worth Self-Esteem Source Type: news
ConclusionsHighly central memories were associated with a distinct emotional experience and emotion regulation strategies. Brooding, when remembering highly central events, was robustly associated with all types of internalizing symptoms. Other emotion regulation strategies showed less consistent patterns, and emotion regulation for low centrality memories was related only to worry. Overall, the findings underscore the importance that memory centrality has for understanding emotion regulation when experiencing elevated depressive and anxiety symptoms.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The objectives of this study are to carry out a review of the smoking cessation apps that apply CBT and to describe the techniques used by them. Following the PRISMA framework, the databases EBSCOhost, Cochrane, Web of Science and Scopus were searched for publications between 2010-2019. Four hundred fifteen studies were found and, after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, only five articles were eligible for systematic review. Only three apps were identified as using CBT, and the techniques most commonly used were the recording of smoking history, progress visualised through graphics, psycho-educational videos, ...
Source: Adicciones - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Adicciones Source Type: research
Conditions:   Parkinson Disease;   Anxiety;   Depression Intervention:   Behavioral: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) Sponsors:   University of California, San Francisco;   Mount Zion Health Fund Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsThe current study is among the first to investigate the added value of combining CCT with CBT in an anxious sample. CCT did not augment effects of a CBT-based fear of failure treatment.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Perfectionism;   Anxiety;   Depression;   Stress Interventions:   Behavioral: Cognitive Behavior Therapy;   Behavioral: Unified Protocol Sponsors:   Karolinska Institutet;   Uppsala University;   Linkoeping University;   Stockholm University;   University College, London Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
More News: Anxiety | Cognitive Behavior Therapy | Depression | Psychology | Statistics | Study