Genes, Vol. 11, Pages 822: CYP4F2 and VKORC1 Polymorphisms Amplify the Risk of Carotid Plaque Formation

Conclusions: We documented that CYP4F2 and VKORC1 polymorphisms boost the proinflammatory plaque environment (observed indirectly through the presence of ischemic heart disease), increasing the risk of plaque development.
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Atrial fibrillation (AF) constitutes the most common, major cardiac arrhythmia worldwide, with an estimated prevalence in the United States equal to 2.3 million affected subjects, projected to increase to 5.6 million by 2050.1 Hypertension and background heart disease (mainly, congestive heart failure) or valve disease represent main risk factors for AF development.1 Other modifiable risk factors are sedentary lifestyle, smoking, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and obstructive sleep apnea.2 AF is associated with a significant increase in the risk for all-cause and cardiovascular death, ischemic stroke, heart failure (HF), isch...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2021 Feb 20. doi: 10.1111/1440-1681.13473. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTObesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are risk factors for hypertension, coronary heart disease, cardiac arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, heart failure and sudden cardiac death. The effects of obesity and diabesity on heart rhythm were investigated in the Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) and Zucker fatty (ZF) compared to the Zucker lean (ZL) control rat. In vivo biotelemetry techniques were used to assess the electrocardiogram and other cardiac and metabolic parameters. ZDF rats were characterized by age-dependent eleva...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are risk factors for hypertension, coronary heart disease, cardiac arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, heart failure and sudden cardiac death. The effects of obesity and diabesity on heart rhythm were investigated in the Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) and Zucker fatty (ZF) compared to the Zucker lean (ZL) control rat. In vivo biotelemetry techniques were used to assess the electrocardiogram and other cardiac and metabolic parameters. ZDF rats were characterized by age-dependent elevations in fasting and non-fasting blood glucose, glucose intolerance and weight gain...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol Source Type: research
All able individuals with cardiovascular disease should engage in at least 150 min of exercise per week divided over 5 days, or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise divided over 3 days.Among individuals who are obese and have hypertension or type 2 diabetes mellitus, an additional three sessions of 20 minutes of resistance training per week is recommended to reduce cardiovascular risk.A pragmatic preliminary approach is required for identifying individuals at high risk of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, which includes assessment of symptoms, established risk factors, and systematic coronary risk evaluation (SCORE).Indi...
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
We describe the various pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies for AF management with a peek at some futuristic approaches. While each one of these variables could lend themselves for a separate review, we attempted to provide an overview of the most critical predictors of AF outcomes to equip the readers with the latest know-how of the management of AF.
Source: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractChronic heart failure (HF) is rare in the young and common in the elderly in the Western world. HF in the young is usually due to specific causes, predominantly or exclusively affecting the heart (adult congenital heart disease, different types of cardiomyopathies, myocarditis, or cardiotoxicity). In contrast, the mechanisms underlying HF development in the elderly have not been completely delineated. We propose that in most elderly patients, HF, regardless of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), is the consequence of the acceleration of cardiovascular aging by specific risk factors (usually hypertension,...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Nearly six million people in United States have heart failure. Fifty percent of these people have normal left ventricular (LV) systolic heart function but abnormal diastolic function due to increased LV myocardial stiffness. Most commonly, these patients are elderly women with hypertension, ischemic heart disease, atrial fibrillation, obesity, diabetes mellitus, renal disease, or obstructive lung disease. The annual mortality rate of these patients is 8%-12% per year. The diagnosis is based on the history, physical examination, laboratory data, echocardiography, and, when necessary, by cardiac catheteriza...
Source: World Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: World J Cardiol Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Selthofer-Relatić K, Kibel A, Delić-Brkljačić D, Bošnjak I Abstract Obesity is a risk factor for cardiometabolic and vascular diseases like arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, dyslipidaemia, and atherosclerosis. A special role in obesity-related syndromes is played by cardiac visceral obesity, which includes epicardial adipose tissue and intramyocardial fat, leading to cardiac steatosis; hypertensive heart disease; atherosclerosis of epicardial coronary artery disease; and ischemic cardiomyopathy, cardiac microcirculatory dysfunction, diabetic cardiomyopathy, and atrial fibrillation...
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research
In this study we aimed to investigate the EFT in patients with MAC.Methods: The study group consisted of 78 patients with MAC. An age, gender and body mass index matched control group consisted of 47 subjects who admitted to echocardiography laboratory due to suspicion of organic heart disease and eventually found to be free of MAC. We measured EFT in patients with MAC and control subjects.Results: EFT was significantly higher in patients with MAC than in control subjects (5.7 ±0.9 vs. 4.4±0.6 mm respectively; P
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
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