Peripheral neuropathy and parkinsonism: a large clinical and pathogenic spectrum

This article reviews conditions in which PN may coexist with parkinsonism.
Source: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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AbstractThis is a letter to the Editor concerning the recently published article by Zerem et al. The paper described a 12yo female with multisystem mitochondrial disorder (MID) due to the compound heterozygous variants c.1963_1964dupAT and p.Ile382Met inOPA1 manifesting phenotypically with congenital nystagmus, developmental delay, visual impairment, gait ataxia, epilepsy, a stroke-like episode (SLE) with encephalopathy and vomiting, and hearing impairment. This interesting case could be more meaningful by providing more information about the treatment of the SLE/stroke-like lesion (SLL), about the morphological characteri...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsXJR played an important role in anti-BC through multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway mechanisms, in which quercetin and ursolic acid may be the key active components. The anticancer effect of multi-component application was better than that of a single component. This study not only deepened our understanding of the role of TCM in the prevention and treatment of diseases, but also provided a reference for the in-depth research, development and application of the ancient medicine.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results indicate that PF effectively protect against hepatotoxicity induced by t-BHP through inhibiting the abnormal activation of PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and highlight the health benefits of PF regarding oxidative stress, proving it to be an important source of bioactive compounds associated with Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Gheorghiu ML, Badiu C Abstract Selenium (Se), an important oligoelement, is a component of the antioxidant system. Over the last decade, it has been ever more frequently discussed in the context of thyroid disorders. Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, differentiated thyroid cancer, and even endemic goiter may have common triggers that are activated by excess reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are involved in various stages of the pathogenesis of thyroid disorders. Most oxidative events occur in mitochondria, organelles that contain enzymes with Se as a cofactor. Mitochondria are responsible for...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Source: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
African Americans experience an increased burden of motor vehicle collision (MVC), post-MVC musculoskeletal pain, and vitamin D insufficiency. In this prospective multicenter study, we tested the hypothesis that African Americans (n = 133) presenting to the emergency department after MVC with low peritraumatic vitamin D levels would have worse chronic musculoskeletal pain outcomes compared to individuals with sufficient vitamin D. Vitamin D levels were assessed in the early aftermath of MVC through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and pain severity was assessed using the 0 to 10 numeric rating scale at 6 weeks, 6 months,...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study provides novel evidence that α-synuclein overexpression and PINK1 deletion converge to induce significant increases in Golgi fragmentation and mitochondrial fission in midbrain neurons, that are correlated with decreases in neurite length. This highlights the need for further studies on these converging mechanisms in dopaminergic neurodegeneration in PD.
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Jinzhao Gao, Jijun Teng, Zongchao Liu, Min Cai, Anmu XieAbstractThe relationships between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms, particularly ApaI, BsmI, FokI, and TaqI, and Parkinson's disease (PD) has received increasing attention in the research community. However, as the results yielded by this increased research have hitherto conflicted, we performed an updated meta-analysis of reports on the relationships between VDR polymorphisms and PD published before October 2019 that we collected from the PUBMED, EMBASE, EBSCO, China N...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Carotenoids recent advances in cell and molecular biology edited by Johannes von Lintig and Loredana Quadro.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Kostas M. Tsiouris, Spiros Konitsiotis, Dimitrios D. Koutsouris, Dimitrios I. FotiadisAbstractTracking symptoms progression in the early stages of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a laborious endeavor as the disease can be expressed with vastly different phenotypes, forcing clinicians to follow a multi-parametric approach in patient evaluation, looking for not only motor symptomatology but also non-motor complications, including cognitive decline, sleep problems and mood disturbances. Being neurodegenerative in nature, ...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
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