Ventricular-vascular coupling in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a challenging and significant public health problem1. It has now been reported to be the most common type of heart failure,1,2 with the prevalence relative to heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), increasing at an alarming rate of 1% per year.1 Epidemiological studies2 –4 support a heterogeneous group of HFpEF patients who generally tend to be older women with multiple co-morbidities such as chronic hypertension, obesity, atrial fibrillation and diabetes mellitus.
Source: Heart and Lung - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: We documented that CYP4F2 and VKORC1 polymorphisms boost the proinflammatory plaque environment (observed indirectly through the presence of ischemic heart disease), increasing the risk of plaque development.
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We describe the various pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies for AF management with a peek at some futuristic approaches. While each one of these variables could lend themselves for a separate review, we attempted to provide an overview of the most critical predictors of AF outcomes to equip the readers with the latest know-how of the management of AF.
Source: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent, with a male to female predominance of two to one, and is more common in middle-aged and elderly subjects [1]. Affected patients often present with comorbidities such as obesity, cardiovascular disease (systemic hypertension, heart failure, atrial fibrillation) and diabetes mellitus type II [2]. The strong overlap between the profile for SDB patients and the identified risk factors for adverse outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, which include age, male sex and cardiometabolic comorbidity [3], suggest that SDB patients may benefit from effective the...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
AbstractChronic heart failure (HF) is rare in the young and common in the elderly in the Western world. HF in the young is usually due to specific causes, predominantly or exclusively affecting the heart (adult congenital heart disease, different types of cardiomyopathies, myocarditis, or cardiotoxicity). In contrast, the mechanisms underlying HF development in the elderly have not been completely delineated. We propose that in most elderly patients, HF, regardless of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), is the consequence of the acceleration of cardiovascular aging by specific risk factors (usually hypertension,...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Making a firm diagnosis of chronic heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains a challenge. We recommend a new stepwise diagnostic process, the ‘HFA–PEFF diagnostic algorithm’. Step 1 (P=Pre ‐test assessment) is typically performed in the ambulatory setting and includes assessment for heart failure symptoms and signs, typical clinical demographics (obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, elderly, atrial fibrillation), and diagnostic laboratory tests, electrocardiogram, and echocardi ography. In the absence of overt non‐cardiac causes ofbreathlessness, HFpEF can be suspected if the...
Source: European Journal of Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: Dapagliflozin decreased the incidence of reported episodes of AF/AFL adverse events in high-risk patients with T2DM. This effect was consistent regardless of the patients' prior history of AF, ASCVD, or HF. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov Unique Identifier: NCT01730534. PMID: 31983236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
Abstract Nearly six million people in United States have heart failure. Fifty percent of these people have normal left ventricular (LV) systolic heart function but abnormal diastolic function due to increased LV myocardial stiffness. Most commonly, these patients are elderly women with hypertension, ischemic heart disease, atrial fibrillation, obesity, diabetes mellitus, renal disease, or obstructive lung disease. The annual mortality rate of these patients is 8%-12% per year. The diagnosis is based on the history, physical examination, laboratory data, echocardiography, and, when necessary, by cardiac catheteriza...
Source: World Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: World J Cardiol Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Selthofer-Relatić K, Kibel A, Delić-Brkljačić D, Bošnjak I Abstract Obesity is a risk factor for cardiometabolic and vascular diseases like arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, dyslipidaemia, and atherosclerosis. A special role in obesity-related syndromes is played by cardiac visceral obesity, which includes epicardial adipose tissue and intramyocardial fat, leading to cardiac steatosis; hypertensive heart disease; atherosclerosis of epicardial coronary artery disease; and ischemic cardiomyopathy, cardiac microcirculatory dysfunction, diabetic cardiomyopathy, and atrial fibrillation...
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research
AbstractMaking a firm diagnosis of chronic heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains a challenge. We recommend a new stepwise diagnostic process, the ‘HFA–PEFF diagnostic algorithm’. Step 1 (P=Pre-test assessment) is typically performed in the ambulatory setting and includes assessment for HF symptoms and signs, typical clinical demographics (obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, elderly, atrial fibrillation), and diagnostic laboratory tests, electrocardiogram, and echocardiography. In the absence of overt non-cardiac causes of breathlessness, HFpEF can be suspected if there is a ...
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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