Prenatal Diagnosis and Postnatal Outcome of Eight Cases with  Criss-Cross Heart - A Multicenter Case Series.

CONCLUSION:  CCH can be diagnosed prenatally by detailed fetal echocardiography when observing an abnormal four-chamber view with crossing of inflow streams into both ventricles and a lack of parallel orientation of the atrioventricular valve axis due to a clockwise or counterclockwise rotation of the ventricular mass along its axis. With the help of prenatal ultrasound, parental guidance and counselling as well as postnatal pediatric cardiac management can be warranted. PMID: 32674186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultraschall Med Source Type: research

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Authors: Kim S, Cho YH, Park PW, Lee YT, Jun TG, Kim WS, Sung K, Yang JH, Chung S Abstract A 59-year-old man presented for possible durable ventricular assist device (VAD) implantation. He had previously been diagnosed with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, a ventricular septal defect, an atrial septal defect, pulmonary valve stenosis, and aortic valve regurgitation. In the previous 22 years, he had undergone palliative cardiac surgery 3 times. VAD implantation as a bridge to transplantation was planned. Owing to severe adhesions, mesocardia, a left ascending aorta, and moderate aortic reg...
Source: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research
Authors: SPECIAL ISSUE: FOCUS ON PEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY, Scavone M, Tallarico V, Stefanelli E, Parisi F, De Sarro R, Salpietro C, Ceravolo G, Sestito S, Pensabene L, Chimenz R, Calabrò MP, Gitto E, Giancotti L, Concolino D Abstract Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common endocrine disease in children, according to literature, infants with CH have an increased risk of associated congenital malformations (CM), especially cardiac defects (CD), compared to the general population. We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 255 patients with a positive screening result for CH in the period 1991-2016 fo...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
Atrial enlargement  The normal P wave has a maximum amplitude of 2.5 mm (0.25 mV) and a maximum width of 2.5 mm (100 ms). In right atrial enlargement, the amplitude increases while in left atrial enlargement, it is the width (duration) which increases. Both increases in biatrial enlargement. P wave abnormalities are best assessed in leads II and V1. Normal P wave is upright in lead II. In V1, a tiny initial spike is followed by a shallow negative wave. P mitrale: P mitrale is a notched and broad P wave with taller second peak indicating left atrial enlargement. It may be noted that initial part of P wave is contribut...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: HBC incomplete right bundle branch block pattern Left ventricular pressure overload left ventricular volume overload LVH strain pattern P mitrale P pulmonale P tricuspidale Right ventricular pressure overload right ventricular volume ove Source Type: blogs
Palpation initially confirms the findings of inspection and further looks for new findings. Apex beat: Apex beat is defined as the lowest and outer most point of definite cardiac impulse. If apex beat is not felt on left side, immediately check on right side or else we might miss a dextrocardia. There some who even palpate both sides simultaneously for this reason. Apex beat is initially felt with the palm of the hand and then localized with the index finger. Sometimes it may be difficult to palpate in obese individuals and in those with emphysema. Palpation in held expiration and in the left lateral position may help in...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: HBC Source Type: blogs
We present an unusual case of atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defect with a vascular ring formed by a right ‐sided aortic arch with an aberrant left subclavian artery that gave rise to a patent ductus arteriosus connecting to the main pulmonary artery. We performed a single‐stage repair of the intracardiac defects and division of vascular ring with a sternotomy instead of the traditionally practiced d ual approach. This included division and reimplantation of the aberrant left subclavian artery to the left carotid artery after transection. This approach has not been described so far.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
In this study, we report the case of a neonate diagnosed with left hemitruncus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, and atrial septal defect who underwent successful surgical treatment. PMID: 32919443 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research
Limited data are available on long-term outcome after repair of partial atrioventricular septal defects (pAVSD) in adults. We sought to review our experience. Between 1/1/1957 and 12/31/2016, 179 adult patients [median age (IQR) 34 (18, 72) years] underwent primary repair of pAVSD. The most common associated defects were secundum atrial septal defect (n=38) and ventricular septal defect (VSD) (n=7). Left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) zone of apposition (ZOA) was complete in 47 patients and LAVV regurgitation ( ≥moderate) was present in 73 patients.
Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: CONGENITAL – Original Submission Source Type: research
Discussion Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are malformations of the heart and great vessels. It occurs in about 5-8/1000 live births. Cyanotic congenital heart disease is often noted perinatally because of cyanosis, respiratory distress and/or poor feeding or other distress type problems. A review can be found here. Acyanotic congenital heart disease (ACHD) can present at birth but often is seen in older children or adults unless the lesions are severe, especially obstructive lesions. Severe lesions may also cause cyanosis and distress type problems in patients also. Shunting lesions cause problems by diverting blood flo...
Source: - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Left-to-right shunts represent a significant portion of congenital heart disease. Such lesions are common in isolation, but are frequently seen in conjunction with other, often more complex, congenital heart disease. This review covers basic anatomy, physiology, physical examination findings, diagnosis and management for atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, and patent ductus arteriosa.
Source: Pediatric Clinics of North America - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These results are paramount to characterize the Portuguese scenario and improve Healthcare planning. It is important to improve reporting in the Portuguese National Registry of Congenital Birth Defects. PMID: 32669188 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
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