HIV and breast cancer - a mammographic analysis: An observational study to identify the mammographic pattern of breast cancer in HIV-positive patients.

CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated a statistically significant relationship between HIV status, the presence of multifocal breast cancer, and mammographically detected grouped and fine pleomorphic microcalcifications. A statistically significant relationship between HGDCIS and HIV status, and the presence of grouped and fine pleomorphic microcalcifications in HIV-positive patients with biopsies confirming HGDCIS, was demonstrated. Our study also showed that there is a relationship between age of presentation and HIV status. PMID: 32657681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research

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Background: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) identified by screening mammography accounts for 20% of breast cancer diagnoses, and microinvasion (DCIS-M) is found in 5% –10%. There are no defined treatment guidelines for palpable DCIS or DCIS-M. The role of screening mammography is now being questioned across the world and in the developing world with no national screening programs, women with DCIS present with a palpable lump in the breast. We conducted a retros pective audit of women with DCIS treated at our institution to classify palpable DCIS and DCIS-M as distinct clinical stages and emphasize the need for a chan...
Source: European Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: POSTERS A: Optimal Diagnosis Source Type: research
Background: Low-risk ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) lesions carry a risk of progressing to invasive breast cancer (iBC). Therefore, women with DCIS undergo surgery ±radiotherapy which will yield many of them no/limited survival benefit whilst the associated side-effects can significantly impact their quality of life (QoL). The safety of active surveillance (AS) via yearly mammographic screening for low-risk DCIS is now being investigated. AS minimizes the phy sical burden associated with the standard treatments, but foregoing treatment could cause increased worry about progression of the DCIS lesion to iBC.
Source: European Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: POSTERS A: Local Regional Treatment – Surgery Source Type: research
This study aimed to determ...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In our cohort, expectant management of FEA alone appears to be a safe option as our upstaging rate to DCIS or invasive cancer for FEA diagnosed on core biopsy was only 4%. Our study suggests that close follow-up is a safe and feasible option for pure FEA without a radiographic discordance found on core biopsy. PMID: 32816560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
Conclusion: SRS, combined with SHG, can be a valuable tool in better understanding calcifications in carcinogenesis, diagnosis, and possible prognosis. This study not only reveals previously unknown large variations of breast microcalcifications in association with local malignancy but also corroborates the clinical value of linking microcalcification chemistry to breast malignancy. More importantly, it represents an important step in the development of a label-free imaging strategy for breast cancer diagnosis with tremendous potential to address major challenges in diagnostic discordance in pathology.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 June 2020Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Aydan Avdan Aslan, Serap Gültekin, Güldal Esendağli Yilmaz, Osman Kurukahvecioğlu
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeDiffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) offers unenhanced method to detect breast cancer without cost and safety concerns associated with dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI. Our purpose was to evaluate the performance of DW-MRI at 3.0T in detection of clinically and mammographically occult contralateral breast cancer in patients with unilateral breast cancer.MethodsBetween 2017 and 2018, 1130 patients (mean age 53.3  years; range 26–84 years) with newly diagnosed unilateral breast cancer who underwent breast MRI and had no abnormalities on clinical and mammographic examination...
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo determine the intermediate-term impact of diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast (DCIS) on health services utilization, we compared utilization by cases of DCIS to unaffected controls.MethodsWe identified a population-based cohort of Ontario females diagnosed with DCIS between 2010 and 2015. We matched 5 controls without any history of cancer to each case, on the date of diagnosis of the case (the index date), by age, annual mammography history, socioeconomic status, and comorbidity. We identified billing claims and hospital records, during the interval 13 to 60  months pri...
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: We improved the prediction performance of DCIS upstaging by embedding two related pathology classes in different training phases. Significance: The three new strategies of embedding related class data all outperformed the baseline model, thus demonstrating not only feature similarities among these different classes, but also the potential for improving classification by using other related classes.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
We present a rare case of Paget disease of the nipple without the typical characteristics, detected by simple nipple scraping technique. A 62-year-old woman presented with a small fissure on the left nipple with scant clear nippledischarge. There were no other changes to the nipple-areola complex. The mammography and ultrasound were unremarkable. However, nipplescraping provided the immediate cytological diagnosis of Paget disease. Breast MRI with core biopsy showed high grade ductal carcinoma in situwith suggestion of microinvasion, confirmed histologically after mastectomy. Nipple scraping is a simple and inexpensive tec...
Source: Dermatology Online Journal - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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