A new aortoiliac calcification scoring system to predict grade C anastomotic leak following rectal cancer surgery

ConclusionsAortoiliac calcification may be considered a risk factor for grade C AL after rectal cancer surgery.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 4 August 2020Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Eric S. Fair, Petar Duvnjak
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe thickness of the rectus abdominis muscle may be used to predict the occurrence of outlet obstruction in male patients with rectal cancer who undergo laparoscopic surgery and diverting ileostomy.
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewMRI is the standard of care for clinical staging of rectal cancer, but has limitations. The purpose of this review is to describe and simplify the clinical relevance of common challenging findings on rectal cancer MRI, and to outline a practical approach to these findings for radiologists.Recent FindingsRecent literature regarding T2 versus T3 stages, extramural depth of invasion, circumferential resection margin/mesorectal fascia involvement, anal sphincter involvement, anterior peritoneal reflection involvement, extramural vascular invasion, and lymph node involvement are reviewed. These findings...
Source: Current Radiology Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveTo evaluate health care fragmentation in patients with stage II and III rectal cancers.BackgroundFragmentation of care among multiple hospitals may worsen outcomes for cancer patients.MethodsNational Cancer Database was queried for adult patients who underwent radiation and surgery for locally advanced (stage II –III) rectal adenocarcinoma from 2006 to 2015. Fragmented care was defined as receiving radiation at a different hospital from surgery. Descriptive statistics characterized patients, and survival probability was plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method and a Cox proportional hazards model.Result...
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewLow anterior resection syndrome is a highly prevalent condition that can develop after anal sphincter-sparing surgery for rectal cancer and impair quality of life. In this review, we summarize the major features and pathophysiology of this syndrome and discuss treatment approaches.Recent FindingsQuality of life correlates significantly with severity of low anterior resection syndrome. Prompt assessment and initiation of therapy are essential to rehabilitating damaged mechanical and neural structures. Anorectal manometry demonstrates a global decrease in sphincteric function postoperatively, though ...
Source: Current Gastroenterology Reports - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Because neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in patients with rectal cancer carries a high risk of adverse effects, careful selection is needed to avoid possibly harmful treatment, according to new research.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines - Category: Pathology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
Condition:   Rectal Cancer Intervention:   Procedure: Total mesorectal excision Sponsor:   Mansoura University Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 1 August 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Thais Reif de Paul, Knut Magne Augestad, Ravi P. Kiran, Deborah S. Keller
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study aims to validate the ERITCP in the context of low T MR-guided Radiotherapy (MRgRT), using images acquired with different magnetic field strength (0.35T) and image contrast (T2/T1).Furthermore, the optimal timing for pCR prediction was estimated, calculating the ERI index at different Biologically Effective Dose (BED) levels.
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe outcome of surgery for signet ring adenocarcinoma of rectum is suboptimal with high predilection for locoregional and peritoneal metastases. Lack of intercellular adhesion due to focal loss of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) may account for this. In such patients, whether minimal invasive surgery carries a high risk of dissemination by pneumoperitoneum and tumor implantation remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery (MIS) versus open surgery in patients with signet ring cell adenocarcinoma of rectum. A retrospective study was...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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